focal dystonia


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focal dystonia

a general term describing a variety of musculoskeletal problems resulting from overuse or repetitive stress, particularly applied to the fine muscle problems encountered by professional musicians.

focal dystonia

Prolonged contraction affecting a single body part or a group of muscles, e.g., in the neck or hand. The most common focal dystonias are blepharospasm, torticollis, and writer's (musician's) cramp.
See also: dystonia
References in periodicals archive ?
Abnormal co-contraction in yips-affected but not unaffected golfers: evidence for focal dystonia.
In this study, we investigated alterations in the basal ganglia in patients with different forms of primary focal dystonia.
One of the patients' sons and 2 cousins had a history of focal dystonia, 1 of the patients' parents had consanguinity and his 2 cousins had a history of focal dystonia, and the patient with Parkinson disease had a brother with Parkinson disease.
Focal dystonia is localized to one part of the body, such as the intrinsic laryngeal muscles in SD (Revelo et al.
In 1999, after having been named to Billboards Top Ten Chart, McLaughlin vanished from sight as his career crumbled due to a little-known neuromuscular disorder, focal dystonia, which destroyed the use of his fret-playing hand.
Moira Gleed, 66, developed focal dystonia, a rare neurological complaint that causes the eyelid muscles to spasm.
Moira Gleed's rare condition - called focal dystonia - causes her eyes to shut randomly against her will.
Focal dystonia of the jaw and the differential diagnosis of unilateral jaw and masticatory spasm.
Sadly, she died a few years ago and now a condition called focal dystonia means he has lost the fine motor skills in his fingers he needs to work in watercolour.
More specifically, they are muscle spasms caused by performance anxiety or by a neurological dysfunction called focal dystonia.
As Lie-Nemeth puts it, focal dystonia can impact the careers of instrumental musicians (patients may complain of a loss of voluntary control in the hands or embouchure when playing their instrument): the primary source of the problem is in the brain.