Evaluation of several measures of canopy openness as predictors of photosynthetic photon flux density
in deeply shaded conifer-dominated forest understory.
7) Maximum heat release rates for unmodified and modified PES for applied heat flux density
depend on the method of initiating the combustion process.
The aim of the procedure was to provide the peak magnetic flux density
in the water that is required for efficient AMT (taken from Table I), and the homogeneity of the field along the cross-section of the pipe in the middle of the magnetic unit.
This analytical model gives detailed geometrical parameters of the machine where maximum geometry, the working point of the magnet and maximum flux density
in the ferromagnetic materials were predefined.
The global average OLR flux density
characterizes the response of the Earth climate system to the outer influence.
Magnetic flux density
in the air gap for the stator's core surface can be expressed as
The magnetic flux density
at the magnet surface equals about 1 T.
The quantum system's photosynthetic photon flux density
, or PPFD (the equivalent of the radiometric system's irradiance and the photometric system's luminous flux density
), is represented by the area under the quantum response curve bounded by 400 and 700 nm, the wave band known as the photosynthetically active radiation (PAR).
Like a lens, the transducer focuses the IR beam's energy at the weld interface, increasing flux density
by 300% and speeding the rate of melting in the weld area.
Metal particle media offered twice the coercivity and twice the remnant flux density
of alternative media pigments, producing the potential for significantly higher recording densities compared to quarter-inch or half-inch cartridge formats.
Photosynthesis rates were measured in randomly selected plants at nine levels of photon flux density
ranging from 0 to 2000 [micro]mols [m.
In the test condition for each study, subjects were exposed to a circularly polarized, 60-Hz sinusoidal magnetic field generated at a resultant flux density