Fujitsu, which introduced flextime
for all its employees in 1989, abolished the system in January this year.
Researchers have found that flextime
increases productivity and morale, while reducing the amount of worker absenteeism, truancy, and use of overtime (Rubin, 1979; Swart, 1985; Mellor, 1986; Dalton and Mesch, 1990; Guy, 1993).
In particular, proponents of benefits such as employer-supported child care, flextime
, and flexible leave policies argue that these work/family benefits differ from traditional job benefits (Lawler, 1981) and can actually enhance productivity (Auerbach, 1988).
This could lead one to believe that many of the supposed flextime
programs sponsored by companies are temporary, ad hoc arrangements offered to accommodate the needs of specific employees or work groups and are not necessarily available on a permanent and consistent basis to all company employees.
is used by companies to extend service hours or improve coverage, without increasing overtime.
Nor were they surprised to find that that engaged workers were substantially more likely to say that their employer offers "a lot" or "some" flextime
-- or that engaged employees work slightly more hours than do their actively disengaged or not engaged counterparts.
A long-standing flextime
policy allows participants to work 37.
The test implicitly compares the relative strengths of two opposing effects: a negative compensating wage differential resulting from workers' preferences for flextime
and a positive wage differential associated with higher productivity of workers on flextime
attributed to what economists call the "efficiency wage hypothesis.
With careful planning, board duties can be spaced so he or she has enough flextime
to relieve any pressure.
Companies are judged on four criteria: pay (compared with their competition), opportunities for women to advance, support for child care (financial help, referrals or actual care arrangements) and family-friendly policies (job-protected leave for childbirth, flextime
, job sharing and care for elderly relatives, among others).
To help workers cope with the demands of family life and work, a growing number of companies are offering child care referral services, flextime
arrangements and in some cases, subsidized child care through on-site centers and/or child care vouchers that can be used off site (see "Business & Child Care," December 1993).