flat foot


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

flat foot

A common (20–30% of the population) complaint, which affects many age groups. True flat feet (as defined by orthopaedists) are uncommon. Often, a parent will perceive flattening of the foot when a child first ambulates; laxity of the ligaments may result in collapse of the foot with valgus on the hind-foot, and eversion or pronation of the forefoot. Avalgus deformity of > 10% requires therapy; often a shoe will suffice as therapy. Flat foot grades are based on disability, ranging from mere strain or tenderness to osseous rigidity. The peroneal spastic flat feet variant is commonly due to abnormal coalescence between 2 or more tarsal bones, often at the calcaneocuboid, calcaneonavicular, and talocalcaneal bars.

Flat foot, acquired types
Ligamentous—Due to tendino-ligamentous trauma
Muscular—Due to poor control or incoordination (from e.g., poliomyelitis or cerebral palsy).
Osseous—Due to trauma or degeneration.
Postural—Due to internal tibial torsion as occurs in obesity, muscle fatigue, faulty footwear and/or strenuous work on feet, and arthritis.

flat foot

Pes planus Orthopedics A common complaint, which affects many age groups; true FF are uncommon; often the parent will perceive flattening of the foot when a child first ambulates; laxity of the ligaments may result in collapse of the foot with valgus on the hindfoot, and eversion or pronation of the forefoot; a valgus deformity of > 10% requires therapy; often a shoe will suffice as therapy

flat foot

The condition in which the normal longitudinal arch of the foot has collapsed. This is mainly due to weakness of the muscles that support the arch and this may result from prolonged standing leading to muscle fatigue, or from illness. The foot turns out and the condition tends to be painful while it is developing and painless thereafter. Treatment involves strengthening the weak muscles by exercises and support of the foot so that the arch is restored.

Patient discussion about flat foot

Q. Can flat feet be repaired by surgery? I have flat feet and I’m looking for all sorts of treatments for it- I heard there is a surgery for it- is it helpful?

A. As far as I know- they don’t treat flat feet that are asymptomatic. So first of all check if it bothers you. secondly there are 2 kinds of flat feet- rigid and flexible. There are different and treated differently. Not always a surgery (which is very painful and costly) is needed– I went to a Rolf method therapist by the advice of my orthopedic and it’s much better now. Ask an orthopedic.

Q. I think my son has flat foot, how to tell for sure? I didn't notice it before, he is 3 years old now and all shoes hurt him. Does it mean he has flat foot? what else can it be?

A. Pes planus (flat foot) is not a rare condition in toddlers, and may resolves spontaneously as the child grows. It is diagnosed clinically, i.e. by a doctor such as pediatrician or pediatric orthopedic surgeon, and radiographs are not universally indicated

More discussions about flat foot
References in periodicals archive ?
Presence of flat foot was confirmed by Metrecom method in 29 individuals, that is, %34.
Significant correlation was seen for flat foot either slight or sever by observation and Metrecom methods (P = 0.
Results of this study revealed that there was significant correlation between flat foot diagnose through scaling by observation and flat foot diagnose through Metrecom.
19 Artificial neural network Diagram 1: flat foot of right foot by scaling with observation in two groups number of women flat foot urinary continence stress urinary incotinence having flat foot 43 23 not having flat foot 14 5 Note: Table made from bar graph Diagram 2: severe flat foot of right foot by scaling with observation in two groups severe number of women flat foot urinary continence stress urinary incontinence yes 11 16 no 17 41 Note: Table made from bar graph
One reason for there to be flexible flat foot in children, the false habit that creates this problem.
Thus, this study shows that children with changes in children with flat foot insole can be done.
Rad and confidential uprising Aghdam effect of insoles on plantar flexion movement patterns between the vertical jump kick in the head boys soccer team looked The results showed that the use of insoles can have a significant effect on the parameters of the sagittal and flexible flat foot is normal.
In the new surgery for stage IV deformity developed at HSS, surgeons not only reconstruct the flat foot deformity, but they also reconstruct the deltoid ligament using a tendon that runs along the outside of the calf called the peroneus longus.
Ellis thinks the new surgery may be increasingly useful with stage IV flat foot deformity.