flat foot


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flat foot

A common (20–30% of the population) complaint, which affects many age groups. True flat feet (as defined by orthopaedists) are uncommon. Often, a parent will perceive flattening of the foot when a child first ambulates; laxity of the ligaments may result in collapse of the foot with valgus on the hind-foot, and eversion or pronation of the forefoot. Avalgus deformity of > 10% requires therapy; often a shoe will suffice as therapy. Flat foot grades are based on disability, ranging from mere strain or tenderness to osseous rigidity. The peroneal spastic flat feet variant is commonly due to abnormal coalescence between 2 or more tarsal bones, often at the calcaneocuboid, calcaneonavicular, and talocalcaneal bars.

Flat foot, acquired types
Ligamentous—Due to tendino-ligamentous trauma
Muscular—Due to poor control or incoordination (from e.g., poliomyelitis or cerebral palsy).
Osseous—Due to trauma or degeneration.
Postural—Due to internal tibial torsion as occurs in obesity, muscle fatigue, faulty footwear and/or strenuous work on feet, and arthritis.

flat foot

Pes planus Orthopedics A common complaint, which affects many age groups; true FF are uncommon; often the parent will perceive flattening of the foot when a child first ambulates; laxity of the ligaments may result in collapse of the foot with valgus on the hindfoot, and eversion or pronation of the forefoot; a valgus deformity of > 10% requires therapy; often a shoe will suffice as therapy

flat foot

The condition in which the normal longitudinal arch of the foot has collapsed. This is mainly due to weakness of the muscles that support the arch and this may result from prolonged standing leading to muscle fatigue, or from illness. The foot turns out and the condition tends to be painful while it is developing and painless thereafter. Treatment involves strengthening the weak muscles by exercises and support of the foot so that the arch is restored.

Patient discussion about flat foot

Q. Can flat feet be repaired by surgery? I have flat feet and I’m looking for all sorts of treatments for it- I heard there is a surgery for it- is it helpful?

A. As far as I know- they don’t treat flat feet that are asymptomatic. So first of all check if it bothers you. secondly there are 2 kinds of flat feet- rigid and flexible. There are different and treated differently. Not always a surgery (which is very painful and costly) is needed– I went to a Rolf method therapist by the advice of my orthopedic and it’s much better now. Ask an orthopedic.

Q. I think my son has flat foot, how to tell for sure? I didn't notice it before, he is 3 years old now and all shoes hurt him. Does it mean he has flat foot? what else can it be?

A. Pes planus (flat foot) is not a rare condition in toddlers, and may resolves spontaneously as the child grows. It is diagnosed clinically, i.e. by a doctor such as pediatrician or pediatric orthopedic surgeon, and radiographs are not universally indicated

More discussions about flat foot
References in periodicals archive ?
Results show that 66 people out of 85 ones have flat foot that includes %77.
There is no significant difference in both groups of incontinence and continence urinary for severe flat foot (p = 0.
Comparatively analyzing the initial and the final results of the sole's geometrical alterations to the pupils engaged in the study we have noticed positive results in correcting the physical deficiency, the flat foot.
The conclusions one has reached, as well as the confirmation of the research conjectures can become category of those with less pronounced bilateral flat foot.
Table 1: Clinical grading of flat foot Clinical Grading Number % Mild (Grade I) 43 56.
Results showed that, there is no relationship between rate of damage to knee and ankle and height of foot's medial longitudinal arch [23], With regard to the point that, in this study no relationship was found between flat foot and stress urinary incontinence, but a significant association was seen in several studies between low back pain and feet abnormal position.
There was no significant difference between number of individuals with flat foot among two groups of stress urinary incontinence and urinary continence women.
The study by Bhaskara (10) reported as another factor related to the presence of flat foot the increase in body mass index, as also reported by Pfeiffer who even stated a three times greater risk for flat foot in overweight patients (1).
In this work, we found prevalence for flat foot of 30.
For this purpose, firstly, Force plate on the ground and the distance from the subject (at least seven step away) and the subjects were placed in a walking shoe stepping on a force plate with regular exercise Then the subjects were asked to use a flat foot insoles embedded and re-do the walking and stepping on the force plate.
In this research, some doctors recommend insoles for flat foot robot Hani medical companies in the market are used.
Adult acquired flat foot deformity is basically a severe type of flat foot that develops for unknown reasons in individuals who have had flat feet all their life.