antigen phase variation in Escherichia coli.
Effect of flagellar
mutations on Yersinia enterocolitica biofilm formation.
Because the flagellum is tied to a bacteria's ability to move, an understanding of the controls on the flagellar
system could help researchers learn how to immobilize harmful bacteria, and to hamper the flagellum-like systems that some bacteria use to infect host cells.
Two distinct flagellar
systems were identified for motility and adhesion functionality, as in other pathogenic E.
Measurements of the wings, the flagellar
segments, palpus segments, and legs are in millimeters (mm).
With the exception of the flagellar
motor that drives the corkscrew tail of a bacterium, nothing in nature uses rotary motion for propulsion in the way that vehicles designed by humans do.
swimming in small circles, the flagellar
force hardly displacing the head, or if only a flagellar
beat could be observed; and immotile--no movement.
Mammalian spermatozoa change their flagellar
movement during hyperactivation.
that are borne apically during the early larval stages start shifting downward gradually in late-stage larvae and finally become arranged segmentally during the postlarval and juvenile phases, when the flagellar
segments increase in number.
World: Electron Microscopic Images of Bacterial Flagella and Related Surface Structures From More Than 30 Species
The OctoMag team has worked on other means of nanobot locomotion, including a system of artificial flagellar
movement inspired by the locomotion of bacteria, but this particular robot moves solely with the help of magnets.
aldrovandii Buhl, 2002, from Panama, but that species has more slender basal flagellar
segments and shorter metasoma than A.