52) Curiosities of Flagellation: A Series of Incidents and Facts collected by an Amateur Flagellant
, and published in 5 volumes (London, 1875).
Richard Ellsworth Day told Brainerd's story in Flagellant
on Horseback (1950).
Where Baxter, however much he disguised himself as the Catholic flagellant
, was always something of a protestant prophet for whom drugtakers and drop-outs figured apocalyptically, the Freed poets were enthusiastically engaged in counter-cultural activity without seeking to turn that activity into religion, mysticism or vatic social pronouncement.
In the final phase of my argument, I turn to Algernon Charles Swinburne's depiction of a flagellant
community to explore how the ritual intensifies into mutilation, rupturing the circuit of recurrence and redrawing the possibilities of nationhood.
In the 1260s, a first wave of foundations of devotional confraternities took place -- the flagellant
confraternities or confraternities of discipline.
Penitential processions of various types likewise may be seen as extending experience into the realm of the liminal, nowhere more so than in the case of the notorious processions of lay flagellant
confraternities (flagellanti) in Italy where laude were sung as the participants processed through the streets in their distinctive garments with hoods and open backs, the latter designed to receive their whips or scourges, sometimes with metal imbedded in the ends of the leather thongs so that their flesh would be literally bloodied.
At Eton and Westminster there was little the teachers could do to stop older boys from producing magazines, though Robert Southey, the future Poet Laureate, was expelled from Westminster for denouncing corporal punishment in The Flagellant
(1792); but there is nothing to indicate that school staffs offered any sort of encouragement.
groups in Italy, French and German territories and the Low Countries, Brethren of the Free Spirit and the Lollards in England all shared a belief in the imminent end of the world.
Actually, they came along at a time when MTV desperately needed to change its positioning--from cloying paternalist to winking flagellant
In a sixteenth-century mural from Huejotzingo, Puebla members of a flagellant
procession display the veil and instruments of the passion as reminders of Christ's tremendous sacrifice.
Joudrey points out the surprising number of ballads in the pornographic journal The Pearl and reads these as well as Swinburne's flagellant
poems as political interventions that resist nineteenth-century literary histories as well as established power and authority.
confraternities flourished in Spain in great numbers (with particular involvement from the Franciscans), and the devotion to the example of Christ as the Vir Dolorum often led its members to perform acts of self-mortification that were judged excessive by the Church hierarchy; (30) in Salamanca, the medieval institution of the 'Cofradia de Jesus Flagelado' still exists today.