3] In the absence of pneumaturia, the diagnosis is done radiologically either by barium enema, retrograde pyelogram, CT scan or fistulogram
It can be performed through percutaneous non-surgical procedures like Fistulogram
, Fistuloplasty, stenting and thrombolysis.
According to the fistulogram
, the right tract was continuous with the oropharyngeal area and the left punctum showed pooling of contrast material in the cervical area (figure 2).
Investigations are invariably non-specific, and the diagnosis is nearly always made radiologically through a barium enema, RGP, antegrade pyelography, CT scan or if there is cutaneous extension, fistulogram
A CT fistulogram
showed a fistulous tract communicating with the caecum and the peritoneal cavity (Figures 1 and 2).
Iwasiuk's order, a fistulogram
was performed on May 3, 2005.
demonstrated a tract communicating the umbilicus with the bladder (Fig.
The following tests were performed: barium swallow, barium meal, barium enema, hexabrix swallow, gastrografin meal, voiding cystourethrogram, fistulogram
, myelogram, nephrostomy and loopogram.
of the AV fistula did not indicate the presence of any stenosis, which was good news for him.
was not done in our patient because her clinical presentation, analysis of the fistula drainage, and CT findings yielded a high index of suspicion for a cholecystocutaneous fistula.
A barium swallow test and a fistulogram
confirmed the presence of the blind pouch.
The dedicated arm-imaging positions facilitate arm fistulograms
for hemodialysis patients, enabling full patient access from the left or right.