3] Other reported magnet-induced problems include ulceration,  gastric outlet or bowel obstruction,  oesophageal perforation,  gastro-enteric fistulas,  small-bowel volvulus,  and appendicitis due to ileocaecal fistulation
There was no evidence of leakage and fistulation
at all periods of observation in all groups.
procedures and animal care were according to the experimental protocol that was reviewed and approved by Shandong Academy of Agriculture Sciences.
Parents need to be alerted to the potential risk of silent bowel perforation and fistulation
from accidental ingestion of magnets in children," they wrote.
Synthetic meshes are, however, associated with complications including erosion, fistulation
and chronic infection.
An early ultrasound and drainage in this case may have prevented fistulation
of the retroperitoneal abscess through the abdominal wall.
Conditions new to this edition include: Facial dermatitis of persian and himalayan cats, Spiculosis, Calcinosis circumscripta, Canine eosinophilic granuloma, Sterile granuloma and pyogranuloma syndrome, Cutaneous asthenia (Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome), Epidermis bullosa acquisita, Feline idiopathic ulcerative dermatitis, Mucocutaneous pyoderma, Proliferative arteritis of the nasal philtrum, Vasculopathy of grayhounds, Vesicular cutaneous lupus of the shetland sheepdog and collie, Metatarsal fistulation
of the german shepherd dog, Acrodermatitis of bull terriers canine ear margin seborrhea, Exfoliative cutuneous lupus of the german shorthaired pointer, Topical corticosteroid reaction, Alopecia X, Acquired pattern alopecia, Cyclical flank alopecia, Feline paraneoplastic alopecia.
Surgical technique: The esophageal fistulation
was performed using a two-step operation for esophageal fistulation
in sheep described by Kato et al.
Multiple ingested magnets can attract across adjacent loops of bowel and cause pressure necrosis and fistulation
from aorta to gastric conduit after Ivor-Lewis oesophagectomy is a rare and life threatening condition.
About 3 months before the start of experiments, the esophageal fistulation
and ruminal cannulation was performed using the method described by Kato et al.
Cases of haematemesis following spontaneous fistulation
into the biliary tree after pancreatitis are described in the literature; although often they have presented after a more severe necrotising pancreatitis (3).