Pit and fissure caries
represents the majority of affected tooth surfaces in children and adolescents and the effect of fluoride in these surfaces is minimal.
Validity of diagnostic and treatment decisions of fissure caries
Caries prevalence in primary teeth as a predictor of early fissure caries
in permanent first molars.
Accurate tooth-by-tooth detection of fissure caries
and caries on smooth surfaces makes it simple to uncover hard to detect cavities.
2010] studied the validity of three different methods for fissure caries
detection in 144 second molars with intact occlusal surfaces in 41 young adults, including visual examination, bitewing radiographs, and the use of a DIAGNOdent.
One of the explanations given by the authors for the higher FS failures was that "more incipient fissure caries
might have been sealed in the occlusal surfaces of these individuals .
The use of fissure sealants (FS) as an effective measure for the prevention of pit and fissure caries
in children has been well documented in several clinical studies and it is highly recommended for populations with high caries prevalence [Welbury et al.
Interestingly, the results showed a 40% reduction in occlusal fissure caries
, which is thought not to be normally protected by F.
prevent or treat pit and fissure caries
using sealants and/or preventive restorations,
pit and fissure caries
(caries of occlusal surfaces, buccal pits of mandibular second molars and lingual grooves of maxillary second molars;
Casein also prevents subsurface enamel demineralization and significantly reduces smooth surface and fissure caries
development in rats by 55% and 46% respectively, compared to control teeth treated with water [Reynolds et al.
Comparison of different methods for the diagnosis of fissure caries