first ray

first ray

column of bones and associated joints forming medial border of forefoot; i.e. medial cuneiform, first metatarsal, hallucal sesamoids, proximal and distal phalanges of hallux (see Table 1)
Table 1: Joint axes of rotation within the foot
Joint (axis orientation)Primary movement about axis of rotationOrientation of axis of rotation to body planes
HorizontalFrontalSagittal
Ankle (lateral/plantar/posterior to medial/dorsal/anterior)Dorsiflexion; plantarflexion85°
Subtalar (lateral/plantar/posterior to medial/dorsal/anterior)Supination; pronation42°48°16°
Midtarsal (lateral/plantar/posterior to medial/dorsal/anterior)Oblique axis
Supination; pronation
52°57°
Longitudinal axis
Inversion; eversion
15°
First ray (medial/plantar/posterior to lateral/dorsal/anterior)Dorsiflexion with inversion; plantarflexion with eversion12°45°45°
Fifth ray (lateral/plantar/posterior to medial/dorsal/anterior)Dorsiflexion with eversion; plantarflexion with inversion20°55°70°
References in classic literature ?
When warmth began to radiate from the stove, and the first ray of sunlight lay on the kitchen floor, Ethan's dark thoughts melted in the mellower air.
The first ray of light which illumines the gloom, and converts into a dazzling brilliancy that obscurity in which the earlier history of the public career of the immortal Pickwick would appear to be involved, is derived from the perusal of the following entry in the Transactions of the Pickwick Club, which the editor of these papers feels the highest pleasure in laying before his readers, as a proof of the careful attention, indefatigable assiduity, and nice discrimination, with which his search among the multifarious documents confided to him has been conducted.
The feeling that among these enemies she had one friend brought the first ray of comfort that had come to lighten the burden of her miserable apprehensions throughout the long voyage of the Kincaid.
With the first ray of light that struggled through the crevices in the shutters, Oliver arose, and again unbarred the door.
Presently the first ray of the sun shot right across the wide plain before us till it reached the faraway crest of one of the tallest of the Suliman Mountains more than a hundred miles away.
For in the darkest moments of memory the thought of her always came as the first ray of returning comfort.
The silvery mist was touched with the first rays of the moonlight, and the same rays touched the tears that dropped from her eyes.
But as soon as the first rays of the sun shone into the garden he saw all the ten sacks standing side by side, quite full, and not a single grain was missing.
Already did the first rays of the sun enter through the iron grating of the prison, when Cornelius was suddenly startled at the noise of steps which came up the staircase, and of cries which approached nearer and nearer.
He had lain within the court for several hours before the first rays of sunlight penetrated the vertical shaft; almost simultaneously he heard the pattering of bare feet in the corridors about him, and a moment later saw the galleries above fill with crafty faces as a score or more entered the courtyard.
It was seven o'clock in the morning, the first rays of day lightened the pools of the marsh, in which the sun was reflected like a red ball, when Athos, awaking and opening the window of his bed-chamber, which looked out upon the banks of the river, perceived, at fifteen paces' distance from him, the sergeant and the men who had accompanied him the evening before, and who, after having deposited the casks at his house, had returned to the camp by the causeway on the right.
The Captain walked straight to it, and we got on board as the first rays of light whitened the surface of the ocean.