first ray

first ray

column of bones and associated joints forming medial border of forefoot; i.e. medial cuneiform, first metatarsal, hallucal sesamoids, proximal and distal phalanges of hallux (see Table 1)
Table 1: Joint axes of rotation within the foot
Joint (axis orientation)Primary movement about axis of rotationOrientation of axis of rotation to body planes
HorizontalFrontalSagittal
Ankle (lateral/plantar/posterior to medial/dorsal/anterior)Dorsiflexion; plantarflexion85°
Subtalar (lateral/plantar/posterior to medial/dorsal/anterior)Supination; pronation42°48°16°
Midtarsal (lateral/plantar/posterior to medial/dorsal/anterior)Oblique axis
Supination; pronation
52°57°
Longitudinal axis
Inversion; eversion
15°
First ray (medial/plantar/posterior to lateral/dorsal/anterior)Dorsiflexion with inversion; plantarflexion with eversion12°45°45°
Fifth ray (lateral/plantar/posterior to medial/dorsal/anterior)Dorsiflexion with eversion; plantarflexion with inversion20°55°70°
References in classic literature ?
The first ray of light which illumines the gloom, and converts into a dazzling brilliancy that obscurity in which the earlier history of the public career of the immortal Pickwick would appear to be involved, is derived from the perusal of the following entry in the Transactions of the Pickwick Club, which the editor of these papers feels the highest pleasure in laying before his readers, as a proof of the careful attention, indefatigable assiduity, and nice discrimination, with which his search among the multifarious documents confided to him has been conducted.
The feeling that among these enemies she had one friend brought the first ray of comfort that had come to lighten the burden of her miserable apprehensions throughout the long voyage of the Kincaid.
With the first ray of light that struggled through the crevices in the shutters, Oliver arose, and again unbarred the door.
When warmth began to radiate from the stove, and the first ray of sunlight lay on the kitchen floor, Ethan's dark thoughts melted in the mellower air.
Presently the first ray of the sun shot right across the wide plain before us till it reached the faraway crest of one of the tallest of the Suliman Mountains more than a hundred miles away.
For in the darkest moments of memory the thought of her always came as the first ray of returning comfort.
How he had made acquaintances in the Prison, expressly that he might come and go there as all other comers and goers did; and how his first ray of light was unconsciously given him by Mr Dorrit himself and by his son; to both of whom he easily became known; with both of whom he talked much, casually ('but always Moleing you'll observe,' said Mr Pancks): and from whom he derived, without being at all suspected, two or three little points of family history which, as he began to hold clues of his own, suggested others.
As the light of natural day, however, began to struggle with the glow of the lanterns, these vain imaginations lost their vividness, and finally vanished from the first ray of sunshine that greeted our escape from the Valley of the Shadow of Death.
The morning broke in one sheet of pale yellow behind the green hills, and the booming stopped with the first ray, as though the light had been an order.
The heart of the unhappy woman bounded in her bosom, under the first ray of hope that had warmed it for four days past.
As the first ray of sunlight stole in, he was awakened by sweet music.
The silvery mist was touched with the first rays of the moonlight, and the same rays touched the tears that dropped from her eyes.