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Abbreviation for forced expiratory time.


abbreviation for forced expiratory time.


Abbreviation for forced expiratory time.

field effect transistor



A transistor that uses electricity to permit or to block conduction through a semiconductor channel.


(tek-nek') [Gr. technikos, pert. to a craft]
1. A systematic procedure or method by which an involved or scientific task is completed.
2. The skill in performing details of a procedure or operation.
3. In radiology, the various technical factors that must be determined to produce a diagnostic radiograph, e.g., kilovoltage, milliamperage, time of exposure, and source-image receptor distance.

Alexander technique

See: Alexander technique

aseptic technique

A method used in surgery to prevent contamination of the wound and operative site. All instruments used are sterilized, and physicians and nurses wear caps, masks, shoe coverings, sterile gowns, and gloves. The technique is adapted at the bedside, e.g., during procedures, and in emergency and treatment rooms.

bisecting angle technique

A dental radiographic technique that requires placement of the film as close as possible to the teeth, causing the film to rest against the crown; visualization of a bisector, which bisects the angle formed by the long axis of the teeth and the film; and positioning of the central ray perpendicular to the bisector. The image produced is distorted in a buccolingual direction Synonym: short-cone technique See: Cieszynski's rule

Buteyko breathing technique

See: Buteyko breathing technique

compensatory technique

1. The use of modified procedures or assistive devices to enable the successful performance of tasks by persons with a disability.
2. Any altered pattern of movement in patients with limited mobility in which synergistic muscles are recruited and used to perform movements that would usually be performed by other muscle groups.

crossed finger technique

A hazardous method of opening an unconscious patient's mouth by placing the thumb and index finger of a gloved hand on opposite rows of teeth and spreading the jaw open.

depilatory technique

Any of several temporary procedures to remove hair from the body, including shaving, plucking, chemicals, or hot wax. If chemical depilation is used, care must be taken to avoid skin irritation. The wax treatment involves application of molten wax, which is allowed to cool; then, when the wax is pulled away, the hair comes with it. Permanent depilation is accomplished by electrolysis of each hair follicle. This time-consuming process is done by an electrologist trained in the technique.
See: electrolysis; hirsutism

enzyme-multiplied immunoassay technique

Abbreviation: EMIT
An enzyme immunoassay based on a mixture of analyte and enzyme substrate such that no immobile phase is necessary.
See: enzyme immunoassay; cloned enzyme donor immunoassay

forced expiration technique

A type of cough that facilitates clearance of bronchial secretions while reducing the risk of bronchiolar collapse. One or two expirations are forced from average to low lung volume with an open glottis. A period of diaphragmatic breathing and relaxation follows.

forced expiratory technique

Abbreviation: FET
The use of sudden exhalations to clear the airways of secretions.

immunomagnetic technique

The use of magnetic microspheres to sort, isolate, or identify cells with specific antigenic markers.

long-cone technique

Paralleling technique.

minimal leak technique

Abbreviation: MLT
A method of determining the appropriate cuff inflation volume on endotracheal tubes (ETT). The ETT cuff is inflated until no respiratory sounds are heard. The cuff is then deflated slightly until sounds are heard. Excessive cuff inflation volume may lead to necrosis of the trachea, and excessive leaking may render oxygenation and ventilation ineffective or allow aspiration of large particles from the oral cavity.

Mohs chemosurgery technique

See: Mohs chemosurgery technique

Papillon technique

A radiation therapy for rectal cancer in which the radiation source is placed directly into the distal bowel, in contact with the tumor.

paralleling technique

A dental radiographic technique that requires placement of the film parallel to the teeth and positioning of the central ray perpendicular to the teeth. The orientation of the film, teeth, and central ray produces a radiograph with minimal geometric distortion. Synonym: long-cone technique; right-angle technique

preclinical technique

In dentistry, the use of manikins, mechanical articulator, artificial or extracted teeth, and the dental instruments and materials to study and master the techniques of clinical dentistry.

projective technique

Any of several forms of psychological assessment or evaluation. The subject's comments about the results or products of ambiguous activities and tasks that encourage self-expression are evaluated and interpreted to determine indications of his unconscious needs, thoughts, or concerns.

push-bang technique

The elimination of a kidney stone from the proximal ureter by flushing it distally and then fragmenting it with lithotripsy.

right-angle technique

Paralleling technique.

Seldinger technique

See: Seldinger technique

short-cone technique

Bisecting angle technique.

sighted guide technique

A means of assisting a blind person to navigate unfamiliar situations. A sighted person offers assistance and, if it is accepted, taps the blind person on the hand and offers an arm for support. The sighted person then walks just ahead of and to the side of the blind person to help avoid potential hazards.

forced expiratory technique

Abbreviation: FET
The use of sudden exhalations to clear the airways of secretions.
See also: technique


The interval between beginning and ending; measured duration.

activated partial thromboplastin time

Abbreviation: APTT
A laboratory test to measure the intrinsic pathway of coagulation. In health, the APTT is about 16 to 40 sec, depending on the laboratory methods used. Prolonged PTT may indicate cirrhosis of the liver, disseminated intravascular coagulation, blood clotting factor deficiencies (VIII, IX, X), decreased levels of fibrinogen in the blood, von Willebrand's disease, or the presence of a lupus anticoagulant.

arise time

In sleep medicine, the time when a person gets out of bed after sleeping as opposed to the time a person becomes alert and awake after sleep.

association time

See: association test

backup time

In radiography, the time setting selected before an automated exposure, usually 150% of the anticipated total exposure time for projection.

bleeding time

The time required for blood to stop flowing from a small wound or pinprick. It is assessed using one of several techniques. Depending on the method used, the time may vary from 1 to 3 min (Duke method) or from 1 to 9 min (Ivy method). The Duke method consists of timing the cessation of bleeding after the earlobe has received a standardized puncture. The Ivy method is done in a similar manner following puncture of the skin of the forearm. The validity of this test to predict clinically significant bleeding has been questioned.

bowel transit time

The length of time it takes for food (or a marker dye) to pass through the gastrointestinal tract, from ingestion to defecation. It is shorter in conditions such as malabsorption and more prolonged in constipation.

circulation time

The time required for a drop of blood to make the complete circuit of both the systemic and pulmonary systems. Circulation time is determined by injecting a substance into a vein and timing its reappearance in arteries at the injection point. The blood with the contained substance must pass through veins to the heart and through the right atrium and ventricle, through the pulmonary circuit to the lungs, and back through the left atrium and ventricle, and then out through the aorta and arteries to the place of detection. Dyes such as fluorescein and methylene blue and substances such as potassium ferrocyanide and histamine have been used as tracers. Average circulation time is about 1 min.

Circulation time is reduced in anemia and hyperthyroidism and is increased in hypertension, myxedema, and cardiac failure. Circulation time may also be measured by injecting into a vein a substance that can be tasted when it is transported to the tongue. The normal circulation time from an arm vein to the tongue is 10 to 16 sec. In the aorta, the blood flows at a speed of approx. 30 cm/sec.

clot retraction time

The time required following withdrawal of blood for a clot to completely contract and express the serum entrapped within the fibrin net. The normal time is about 1 hr. Clot retraction depends on the number of platelets in the specimen.

coagulation time

The time required for a small amount of phlebotomized blood to clot. This can be determined by collecting blood in a small test tube and noting elapsed time from the moment blood is shed to the time it coagulates.

cold ischemia time

Abbreviation: CIT
The time that an organ surgically removed for transplantation remains in a chilled perfusion solution before engraftment.

cycle time

The period between regular events, e.g., inflations of an automated blood pressure monitor.

doubling time

The length of time needed for a malignant tumor cell population to double in size.

door-to-balloon time

The delay between the arrival at a hospital of a patient with an acute myocardial infarction and the opening of the patient's obstructed vessel by percutaneous coronary intervention. The delay should be 90 min or less for optimal outcomes.

dwell time

The length of time a therapeutic substance will be retained in the body.

euglobulin lysis time

A test that determines how rapidly blood clots dissolve. It is used to identify diseases such as disseminated intravascular coagulation, and to monitor the effect of thrombolytic drugs, such as streptokinase and the recombinant enzyme tissue plasminogen activator.

forced expiratory time

Abbreviation: FET
The time required to forcibly exhale a specified volume of air from the lung.

gestation time

The duration of a normal pregnancy for a species.
See: pregnancy for table

intestinal transit time

The speed with which consumed food passes through the gut. It is slowed by anticholinergic agents (such as tricyclic antidepressants) and by neuropathic diseases of the stomach or intestines, e.g., diabetes mellitus. Many agents increase intestinal transit, including erythromycin and nonabsorbable laxatives.

into-bed time

In sleep medicine, the time when a person lies down for his or her major sleep time of the day as opposed to other periods of sleep.

kaolin cephalin time

Abbreviation: KCT, KCCT
A laboratory test to measure the health of the intrinsic pathway of coagulation (the function of clotting factors VII, IX, XI, and XII). When a prolonged kaolin cephalin clotting time does not normalize after the addition of normal plasma, a lupus anticoagulant is present in the blood.

longitudinal relaxation time

T1 time.

lost time

In occupational health, the number of hours, days, or weeks that an employee does not appear for work, as a result of illness, injury, absenteeism, workers' compensation, or unpaid leave.

median lethal time

The time required for half of a population to die after exposure to ionizing radiation.

partial thromboplastin time

The time needed for plasma to clot after the addition of partial thromboplastin. It is used to test for defects of the clotting system.

prothrombin time

Abbreviation: PT
The time it takes for clotting to occur after thromboplastin and calcium are added to decalcified plasma. The test is used to assess levels of anticoagulation in patients taking warfarin, to determine the cause of unexplained bleeding (as in patients with hemophilia), or to assess the ability of the liver to synthesize blood-clotting proteins.
See: international normalized ratio

quiet time

1. The time between measurable events, e.g., in respiratory care, the time between inspiration and expiration.
2. A time of silent reflection, thought, or prayer.

reaction time

The period between application of a stimulus and the response.

real time

Moment-to-moment or second-to-second dynamic. It is used, e.g., of imaging technologies that take moving pictures rather than static images of body structures.

recovery time

1. The time between the end of an anesthetic infusion and the opening of a patient's eyes.
2. The time between the end of an anesthetic infusion and the patient's ability to oxygenate and ventilate without mechanical assistance.

reptilase time

Abbreviation: RT
A test to identify hypofibrinogenemia or dysfibrinogenemia in plasma.

response time

1. The delay between the first administration of a medication and the onset of or recovery from its effects.
2. The duration of a reaction.

saturation time

The time required for the arterial blood of a person inhaling pure oxygen to become saturated.

screen time

The number of hours that a person spends each day in front of a computer, or watching movies or television, or playing video games.

setting time

The time required for a material to polymerize or harden, as in dental amalgam, cement, plaster, resin, or stone.

spin lattice relaxation time

T1 time.

spin-spin relaxation time

T2 time.

T1 time

The time it takes for a proton that has been stimulated by radiofrequency (RF) energy to relax back into its usual alignment in tissue. Each tissue in the body has its own distinguishing relaxation time and its own distinctive energy emission after stimulation with RF energy. These physical characteristics of tissues are exploited in magnetic resonance imaging to create pictures of body structures.
Synonym: longitudinal relaxation time; spin lattice relaxation time

T2 time

The time it takes for neighboring, radiofrequency-stimulated protons to relax relative to other protons in tissue (rather than relative to the magnetization provided by a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) device). The T2 time varies from tissue to tissue. This is exploited in MRI to help generate contrast between adjacent tissues, e.g., between the white matter and grey matter of the brain, or between tissues with high fat content as opposed to those with high water content. Synonym: spin-spin relaxation time; transverse relaxation time

taipan snake venom time

A test to determine the presence of lupus anticoagulant in a blood specimen. The test relies on the mixing of venom from snakes of the genus Oxyuranus with dilute phospholipid and can be used even in patients receiving warfarin anticoagulation.

template bleeding time

A bedside test to determine the presence of abnormal delays in blood clotting, in which a small cut is made in the skin, and the time it takes for bleeding to stop is measured.

time in the therapeutic range

Abbreviation: TTR
An estimate of the average time that a medication is dosed with optimal efficacy and safety. The term is usually used with respect to anticoagulants such as warfarin but can apply to any agent whose drug levels are monitored.

thermal death time

The time required to kill a bacterium at a certain temperature.

transverse relaxation time

T2 time.

turn-around time

, turnaround time Abbreviation: TAT
The time it takes to process an order, carry it out, and report the results, e.g., the time between ordering and reporting laboratory test results.

Patient care

In the rushed environment of contemporary hospitals, especially in emergency departments and intensive care units, TAT can be a problem between physicians and nurses who order lab tests and the laboratorians who complete them and report the results. At the bedside, TAT starts with the ordering of the test. In the lab it begins when the specimen or the order for the test is received; next it is processed; and, finally, the results are reported to the clinician. Decreasing TAT without sacrificing the quality of reported results makes timely modifications in treatment possible; it requires careful planning at the bedside, a rapid system of specimen transport, an easy-to-use order entry system and log, and an efficient laboratory with well-trained professional staff.

forced expiratory time

Abbreviation: FET
The time required to forcibly exhale a specified volume of air from the lung.
See also: time
References in periodicals archive ?
Light-receiving organic field-effect transistors could open new frontiers for photonic and electronic devices.
High-k (permittivity) materials play an important role in down-scaling metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors and dynamic random access memories, and the next article therefore presents a detailed study of the electrical properties of thin high-k dielectric films; paying particular attention to the strong impact of macroscopic, microscopic and atomic-size defects upon leakage currents and the reliability of gate stacks.
Some specific areas described are surface magnetic properties and magnetoimpedance in metallic glasses for new sensor applications, organic field-effect transistors, and self-assembled synthesis and optical properties of lamellar mesostructured inorganic-organic nanocomposites.
That's why engineers also describe the devices as field-effect transistors.
This collection of papers on the theories behind the applications and the applications themselves includes material on aspects of charge transport in organic semiconductors from a molecular perspective, charge transport in oligomers, charge transport physics of solution-processed organic field-effect transistors, selection and design of dielectric materials, grazing incidence x-ray diffraction, scanning probe techniques, solution deposition of oligomers and polymers, inkjet printed OTFTs, soft lithography, vacuum evaporated thin films and a range of applications, including those for radio frequency identification tags, organic transistor chemical sensors, flexible and large area e-skins and ORFTs for flat panel displays.
Random network carbon nanotube field-effect transistors have excellent operating characteristics.
16 Science, they describe a method for making field-effect transistors entirely from organic polymers, using what they call "printing techniques.
Neugroschel and colleagues, proposes a methodology for using corrected data to extract the intrinsic negative temperature bias instability (NBTI) rate in high-k, p-channel metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistors (p-MOSFETs).
The 75 contributions are divided into eight sections on epitaxial growth techniques, SiGe heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT) operation, BiCMOS technology, heterostructure field-effect transistors, optoelectronic components, measurement and modeling, and circuits.

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