fibrosing alveolitis


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id·i·o·path·ic pul·mo·nar·y fi·bro·sis (IPF),

[MIM*178500]
an acute to chronic inflammatory process or interstitial fibrosis of the lung of unknown etiology. seen in association with collagen-vascular diseases.

fibrosing alveolitis

[fī′brōsing]
Etymology: L, fibra + alviolus, small hollow; Gk, itis, inflammation
a severe form of alveolitis characterized by dyspnea and hypoxia. It occurs in advanced rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases. X-ray films show thickening of the alveolar septa and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. See also alveolitis.

fibrosing alveolitis

Pulmonology A progressive chronic inflammatory disease of adults–45 to 65, which later develops into diffuse interstitial fibrosis and honeycomb lung Prevalence 4/10,000; accounts for ±15% of honeycomb lung disease Clinical Dry cough, dyspnea, clubbed fingers; FA progresses to respiratory failure and may produce cor pulmonale PFTs Restrictive changes Complications ↑ lung CA, often peripheral adenoCA

fibrosing alveolitis

A serious lung disorder involving extensive fine scarring of, and numerous cells within, the air sacs (alveoli) of the lungs. The condition can be caused by exposure to asbestos dust, mineral dusts, fungal spores and powdered bird droppings; rheumatic disorders such as RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, SJÖGREN'S SYNDROME and systemic sclerosis; some of the anticancer drugs such as bleomycin and cyclophosphamide; and the heart drug amiodarone. The condition may require lung transplantation.

Liebow,

Averill A., Austrian-U.S. pulmonary pathologist, 1911-1978.
usual interstitial pneumonia of Liebow - a progressive inflammatory condition of the lung. Synonym(s): fibrosing alveolitis; Hamman-Rich syndrome; idiopathic interstitial fibrosis
References in periodicals archive ?
A mountaineer, Galbraith had" A mountaineer, Galbraith had been shocked at the age of 44 to be diagnosed with chronic lung disease fibrosing alveolitis.
Epstein-Barr virus replication within pulmonary epithelial cells in cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis.
Adult familial cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis in the United Kingdom.
Dim blodau ond derbynnir rhoddion at Ymchwil Pulmonary Fibrosing Alveolitis, trwy law G.
The last years of Neal's life were difficult and painful as fibrosing alveolitis took hold of lungs weakened by an attack of viral pneumonia in his 30s.
Well known characteristics of extracellular matrix proteins are stimulation of production and storage of collagens (especially type I and III collagens that make fibrosis, and procollagen peptids of collagens); acceleration of fibrosis and wound improvement; influence of development of fibrotic disease such as hepatic and pulmonary fibrosis, glomerulonephritis, fibrosing alveolitis and diabetic neuropathy (2,4).
Of those, four have brochiectasis, two have asthma, one has fibrosing alveolitis and one - Tony -has Chronic Obstructive Pneumatitis.
He died in 2001 from fibrosing alveolitis, a disease of the lungs which may have been caused by inhaling large amounts of the pesiticide DDT in India during the war.
She won the Seatonville ward in Whitley Bay with a landslide victory in 2000, aged 66, but retired two years later after being diagnosed with the lung disease fibrosing alveolitis.
Fibrosing Alveolitis Subcommittee of the Research Committee of the British Thoracic Society.
He had been on the waiting list for a new lung since last April after being diagnosed with fibrosing alveolitis.
Fibrosing alveolitis leads to pulmonary fibrosis or a vasculopathy similar to the process in the skin, resulting over time in pulmonary hypertension.