fibrocystic


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Related to fibrocystic: Fibrocystic Disease

fibrocystic

 [fi″bro-sis´tik]
characterized by an overgrowth of fibrous tissue and the development of cystic spaces, especially in a gland.
fibrocystic disease of breast a disorder characterized by single or multiple benign tumors in the breast; it is the most common disorder of premenopausal women between the ages of 30 and 55, has a familial tendency, and usually abates after menopause. It is due to abnormal hyperplasia of the ductal epithelium and dilatation of the ducts of the mammary gland. Called also chronic cystic mastitis, cystic disease of the breast, and Schimmelbusch's disease.

The tumors of true fibrocystic breast disease can be fluid-filled cysts that arise from glandular elements (blue dome cysts), or solid fibrous growths containing connective tissue elements (fibroadenomas). It was once believed that women with this disorder had a two to three times greater than average risk of developing breast cancer; however, recent studies have shown the risk to be only about 1.6 times greater. Since this disorder does predispose a woman to a breast malignancy, it is recommended that it be carefully monitored by periodic examinations, radiologic studies, and biopsies to identify malignant changes in their earliest stages. Baseline mammography is done for the young patient, and routine regular mammograms are done for the older patient.

Since many cases subside on their own after menopause, it is believed that the cyclic appearance of symptoms is linked to estrogen levels.
Symptoms. The most outstanding symptom of fibrocystic disease of the breast is the presence of one or more lumps in the breast. There also is a feeling of breast fullness and tenderness that is more noticeable each month during the premenstrual period. The presence of cysts and lumps in the breast can produce anxiety for the patient and make self-examination more difficult. Additionally, the frequent examinations needed to rule out malignant changes add to physical discomfort and psychologic stress.
Treatment and Patient Care. Medical treatment usually consists of hormonal therapy with synthetic androgen; a commonly used agent is danazol. Synthetic androgens depress ovarian functions, causing a lessening of symptoms. However, common side effects such as menstrual irregularities, weight gain, edema, and acne do occur. Hormonal therapy is usually reserved for those women who cannot find relief through more conservative therapy.

Among the self-help methods that have been successful are reduction of stressors in their lives and dietary restriction of all forms of methylxanthines, particularly caffeine. If the patient is able to eliminate her intake of caffeine, it usually takes at least two months for the effects of the restriction to become apparent. Other measures that have had varying degrees of success include limiting salt and taking a mild diuretic during the week before menstruation begins, applying warm compresses to the breast, wearing a brassiere that gives good support, and taking a mild nonprescription analgesic for discomfort.

Patient education includes instruction in self-examination of the breast with emphasis on the importance of doing this each month. Once the woman becomes accustomed to the location and size of her breast lumps she is better able to detect any change that might occur. The ideal time for breast self-examination is five to seven days after menstruation when swelling and tenderness are usually at a minimum.
fibrocystic disease of the pancreas cystic fibrosis.

fi·bro·cys·tic

(fī'brō-sis'tik),
Pertaining to or characterized by the presence of fibrocysts.

fibrocystic

/fi·bro·cys·tic/ (-sis´tik) characterized by an overgrowth of fibrous tissue and development of cystic spaces, especially in a gland.

fibrocystic

(fī′brō-sĭs′tĭk)
adj.
Characterized by increased fibrosis and cystic spaces, especially in glandular tissue.

fibrocystic

[-sis′tik]
pertaining to a fibrocyst or cystic fibroma.

fibrocystic

adjective Referring to the structure or tissue with fibrous induration and one or more cyst-like spaces.

fi·bro·cys·tic

(fī'brō-sis'tik)
Pertaining to or characterized by the presence of fibrocysts.

fibrocystic

1. Containing fibrous tissue and cysts.
2. Pertaining to a tumour of fibrous tissue, such as a FIBROMA, which has undergone degeneration with the formation of fluid-filled spaces.
3. Pertaining to CYSTIC FIBROSIS.

fibrocystic

characterized by an overgrowth of fibrous tissue and the development of cystic spaces, especially in a gland.
References in periodicals archive ?
Specific benign and malignant lesions Pathological diagnosis n Benign lesions (N = 98) Atypical ductal hyperplasia 1 Phyllodes 1 Ductal ectasia 2 Lipoid necrosis 2 Ductal hyperplasia 8 Fibroadenoma 14 Sclerosing adenosis 20 Fibrocystic change 50 Malignant lesions (N = 4) Ductal carcinoma in situ 3 Invasive lobular carcinoma 1 Table 3.
Functional hyperprolactinemia and relative hyperestrogenism are risk factors of the development concerning fibrocystic changes in the breast (12).
FDG-PET evaluation of fibrocystic mastopathy in patient with breast tumor.
For each benign (fibroadenoma and other fibrocystic breast condition) and malignant (breast cancer) case that was diagnosed between September 1995 and August 1997, two controls were selected (by age and menstrual status).
Signs and symptoms of fibrocystic breast changes - Dense and lumpy breast - Feeling of fullness in the breasts - Pain and tenderness that tends to be generalized and may radiate to the underarm - Rarely a nipple discharge that's often greenish-brown in color - Breast cysts that are identified on breast ultrasound
Fibrocystic disease, more accurately called fibrocystic changes (Fig.
Fibrocystic disease is common in more than half of all women, and is more noticeable during the time around your menstrual cycle, as this is influenced by hormone levels.
A Fibrocystic breast disease is a condition where hard, noncancerous lumps form in the breast tissue.
It states she incorrectly diagnosed the lump as fibrocystic disease, failed to refer the patient for further assessment and failed to record adequate details of the examination in the patient's records.
A large middle meatal maxillary antrostomy was created at the time of surgery, and a fibrocystic mass was encountered.