calf

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sura

 [soo´ra] (L.)
calf. adj., adj su´ral.

calf

, pl.

calves

(kaf, kavz),
1. A young bovine animal, male or female. Synonym(s): sura
2. The posterior prominence of the leg, caused by the underlying triceps surae muscles (lateral and medial heads of gastrocnemius and soleus).
[Gael. kalpa]

calf

(kaf) sura; the fleshy back part of the leg below the knee.

calf 1

(kăf, käf)
n. pl. calves (kăvz, kävz)
a. A young cow or bull.
b. One of the young of certain other mammals, such as moose, elephants, or whales.

calf 2

(kăf, käf)
n. pl. calves (kăvz, kävz)
The fleshy muscular back part of the human leg between the knee and ankle.

calf

pl. calves
Etymology: ONorse, kalfi
the fleshy mass at the back of the leg below the knee, composed chiefly of the gastrocnemius muscle.

calf

Anatomy
The fleshy part of the posterior lower leg, which is composed primarily of gastrocnemius muscle.
 
Veterinary medicine
A young cow from birth until it is weaned.

su·ral re·gion

(sūr'ăl rē'jŭn) [TA]
The muscular swelling of the back of the leg below the knee, formed chiefly by the bellies of the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles.
Synonym(s): calf.
Figure 1: The autonomic nervous system. Actions on the heart and on smooth muscle. Sympathetic actions on the left and parasympathetic actions on the right. Solid arrows: stimulation (contraction or secretion); broken arrows: inhibition.

calf

the twin 'bellies' of the gastrocnemius are prominent in the upper half of the calf, e.g. when standing on tip-toe; this and the flatter soleus in front of it (known together as the triceps surae ) form the main bulk of the calf muscles; their tendons join to attach to the calcaneum via the Achilles tendon. Accessory to the gastrocnemius is the plantaris . Deeper muscles include the flexors of the toes, with long tendons passing into the foot. See Figure 1.

calf

large muscle mass at the posterior aspect of the lower leg

calf

1. bovine young less than one year old.
2. young of other species including elephant, larger deer, e.g. red, Japanese sika, wapiti, elk, moose, reindeer, and also pinnipeds and cetaceans.
3. in dogs refers to the region of the hindlimb between the stifle and the hock.

bull calf
male entire bovine under one year of age.
calf crop
the group of calves born to a herd of cows during one breeding season.
calf crop percentage
the percentage of calves born to the cows bred or exposed to breeding bulls.
calf diarrhea
fetal calf
includes unborn and stillborn calves. Can be identified by the presence of atelectasis of the entire lungs, patency of the umbilical vessels which also contain unclotted blood, sodden quality of the skin, high water and nil fat content of the tissues, absence of milk from the gut. Called also slink. See also slink calves.
calf puller
see fetal extractor.
calf starter
artificial feeding of calves includes liquid milk replacer and dry calf starter, the latter being provided from about one week of age. At 3 to 6 weeks the calf is able to exist solely on starter and the milk replacer or milk can be discontinued. Calf starters vary a great deal in composition, quality and price. They need to have a high digestibility coefficient, a high energy content and at least 18% crude protein.
with calf
a pregnant cow.

Patient discussion about calf

Q. I have just developed a pain in my calf - feels like it clicks when I walk, and is a sharp pain I first noticed this problem this morning. As I stepped out of my car, I felt a sharp pain in my left calf, and it has gone worse as the day has gone on. No pain until I walk.

A. hmmm...now as i think of it- fatman's answer seems more logical. but usually people can tell the difference between strained muscle and other stuff. if it was just a pulled muscle he would have thought of it and naturally massage the area. no?

More discussions about calf
References in periodicals archive ?
2001) were activated by incubating in RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with 10% heat-inactivated fetal calf serum (R10) containing 50 [micro]g/ml of gallic acid for 48 h at 37 [degrees]C.
The human hepatoblastoma cell line HepG2 was maintained in Dulbecco's MEM (1x) medium supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum, 2 mM glutamine, [10.
Louis, MO) overlay with DMEM supplemented with 1% fetal calf serum was added to each well.
Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM), RPMI-1640, fetal calf serum (FCS), HEPES, L-glutamine, 2-mercaptoethanol, penicillin/streptomycin, bovine serum albumin (BSA), dinitrophenyl conjugated human serum albumin (DNP-HSA), p-nitrophenyl-N-acetyl-[beta]-D-glucopyranoside, and neutral red were obtained from Sigma Chemical Company (St.
After five washes with washing solution, hybrids between the allele-specific probes and the HH gene sequences were detected by the addition of 100 [micro]L of a 1:100 dilution of a standard preparation of anti-DNA monoclonal antibody (MAb 27-14-D9; DiaSorin) in phosphate-buffered saline containing 100 mL/L fetal calf serum; this monoclonal antibody recognizes only double-stranded DNA.
Swabs for virologic examination were placed in Eagle's medium supplemented with antimicrobials and fetal calf serum and chilled.
The culture medium was modified Dulbecco's Eagle's reinforced medium (Gibco, Karlsruhe, Germany), supplemented with 15% fetal calf serum (Flow Laboratories, Meckenheim, Germany), NaHCO3 (7.
ASPC-1 cells were cultured in RPMI-1640 (Nipro) supplemented with 200 mL/L heat-inactivated fetal calf serum (Biological Industries), and MIAPaCa-2 cells were cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (Nipro) supplemented with 100 mL/L heat-inactivated fetal calf serum.
PBMC were cultured in complete Roswell Park Memorial Institute 1640 medium, 10% v/v heat-inactivated fetal calf serum, 2 mM L-glutamine, and 10 U/mL penicillin/streptomycin at a concentration of 10 (6) cells/mL.
8 mL complete culture medium (CCM; minimum essential medium supplemented with 5% fetal calf serum, 1% Penstrep fungizone, and 1% L-glutamine), thus yielding a toxin concentration of 100 [micro]M.
RPMI 1640 medium and fetal calf serum were purchased from Life Technologies.