fetal biophysical profile


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fetal biophysical profile

an ultrasound method of evaluating fetal status during the antepartal period based on five variables originating within the fetus: fetal heart rate, breathing movement, gross movements, muscle tone, and amniotic fluid volume. It is indicated in cases of postdate pregnancy, maternal hypertension, diabetes mellitus, vaginal bleeding, maternal Rh sensitization, maternal history of stillbirth, and premature membrane rupture.

profile

(pro'fil?) [Italian proffilo, an outline]
1. An outline of the lateral view of an object, esp. the human head.
2. A summary, graph, or table presenting a subject's most notable characteristics.
3. A comprehensive history of the use of health care services. See: practice profile

biophysical profile

Abbreviation: BPP
A system of estimating current fetal status, determined by analyzing five variables via ultrasonography and nonstress testing. Fetal breathing movements, gross body movement, fetal tone, amniotic fluid volume, and fetal heart rate reactivity are each assigned specific values. Each expected normal finding is rated as 2; each abnormal finding is rated as 0. Scores of 8 to 10 with normal amniotic fluid volume and a reactive nonstress test (NST) indicate satisfactory fetal status. A score of 6 with normal amniotic fluid volume requires reassessment of a preterm fetus within 24 hr of delivery. Scores of less than 6 or a nonreactive NST indicate fetal compromise and require prompt delivery. Synonym: fetal biophysical profile See: Apgar score

chemistry profile

Chemistry panel.

drug profile

The unique characteristics of a drug or class of drugs, including their administration, absorption, metabolism, duration of action, toxicity, and interactions with foods or other medications.

fetal biophysical profile

Biophysical profile.

functional ambulation profile

The formal evaluation of a person's ability to walk, e.g., while being filmed on a grid or walkway with pressure-sensitive sensors, during initiation of movement, while making turns, or while treading on level or uneven ground. Ambulation or gait assessments identify the risk of falling and may suggest assistive devices or therapeutic exercises that can be employed to lessen the risk. Synonym: functional gait assessment

iceberg profile

The profile of a person with a psychological outlook characterized by more vigor and less tension, depression, anger, fatigue, and confusion than is found in others. This type of affect often is found in elite athletes and others with physically active lifestyles.

occupational profile

Those components of an occupational therapy evaluation that collectively provide non–performance-related information, e.g., the individual's interests, values, experiences, occupational history, and needs.

practice profile

A performance-based method of assessing the professional behaviors of individual practitioners. A typical profile may include data about a practioner's patients, their known illnesses, their drug therapies, their immunization history, hospitalization rate, use of other services, and the cost of specific aspects of their care. The profile of an individual practitioner's performance could provide information such as the number of his or her patients who are screened for cancer or diabetes mellitus, or the number of patients treated for a particular condition who survive. The profile could be used to further a practitioner's education, to influence future care patterns, to certify or recertify health care providers, or to assist decisions about the hiring, retention, or dismissal of professionals who provide health care services. The outcome of establishing practice profiles could help to increase the quality of medical care and to provide patients the opportunity of evaluating physicians. The methods used to profile practice are constantly evolving.

PULSES profile

One of the first formal, widely used scales to assess daily living skills. PULSES is an acronym formed by the domains measured: Physical condition, Upper extremity function, Lower extremity function, Sensory, Excretory, and psychosocial Status.
See: activities of daily living

safety profile

The chemistry, pharmacology, therapeutic effects, and adverse effects of an administered drug or other substance.

Sickness Impact Profile

A standardized questionnaire for assessing the effects of illness on function. There are 136 questions grouped into 12 categories. The categories include sleep and rest, eating, work, home management, recreation, ambulatory mobility, body care, movement, social interaction, alertness, emotional behavior, and communication. These are grouped as physical impairment, psychosocial impairment, and nonspecific.
References in periodicals archive ?
Multidisciplinary approach to be applied including periodic fetal Biophysical profile, maternal coagulation profile, intensive neonatal care unit.
Here, the best (level I) evidence backs Doppler assessment, while other tests for decreased uteroplacental blood flow that are supported by level I or level II evidence include estimated fetal weight by ultrasound, amniotic fluid assessments, nonstress tests (NSTs), and fetal biophysical profiles (FBPs).