fennel


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fen·nel

(fen'ĕl),
Fennel seed, the dried ripe fruit of cultivated varieties of Foeniculum vulgare (family Umbelliferae), an herb native to southern Europe and Asia, a diaphoretic and carminative; a volatile oil distilled from the fruit is used as a flavoring.
[through O. Fr., fr. L. faeniculum, fennel, dim. of faenum, hay]

fennel

/fen·nel/ (fen´il) the flowering herb Foeniculum vulgare, or its edible seeds, which are used as a source of fennel oil.

fennel

A perennial herb that contains fixed oils (e.g., oleic, linoleic and petroselenic acids), flavonoids, vitamins and volatile oils (e.g., anethole, estragole, limonene and pinene).
 
Chinese medicine
The seeds are regarded as antispasmodic, antitussive, diuretic, expectorant and tonic, and used for colic, dyspepsia, hernias, nausea and vomiting. 

Herbal medicine
In Western herbal medicine, fennel is regarded as a carminative; the seeds and roots are used to treat tired eyes, gastric discomfort, kidney stones, to increase breast milk and to stimulate the appetite; other uses are similar to those in Chinese herbal medicine.

fen·nel

(fen'ĕl)
Fennel seed, the dried ripe fruit of cultivated varieties of Foeniculum vulgare, a diaphoretic and carminative.
[through O. Fr., fr. L. faeniculum, fennel, dim. of faenum, hay]

fennel,

n Latin name:
Foeniculum vulgare; part used: seeds; uses: abnormal menstruation, hampered lactation, low sex drive; precautions: pregnancy, lactation; essential oil: children; patients with liver disease or stomach ulcers; not for long-term use; can cause convulsions, nausea, contact dermatitis, photosensitivity, lung edemas, and some cancers. Also called
aneth fenouil, carosella, fenchel, funcho, garden fennel, hinojo, large fennel, sweet fennel, and
wild fennel.
Enlarge picture
Fennel.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fennel shines in the spotlight of our Timberlakes Farm as one of my personally favorite herbs--not only because of its graceful (and almost regal) beauty in the herb patch; but because of its crisp aroma, delicate flavor and unprecedented versatility in the kitchen.
For this, simply finely shred two whole fennel bulbs and one small onion, place this in a pan with olive oil and cook slowly until very tender, stirring all the time.
6 large pork chops 4tbsp fennel seeds 3 bulbs fennel, chopped into 1in chunks
If you have a small plot and only want a couple of plants, buy a small nursery-grown fennel and plant it in fertile, well-drained soil in a sunny position.
Fennel and two partners are currently in the process of moving Bordino's to a new building on Dickson Street.
The study was conducted using the fennel seeds in the experimental greenhouse of Islamic Azad University, Firoozabad Branch, Iran (28[degrees]35' N, 52[degrees]40' E; 1327 m above sea level).
Insisting that India was not the only country to have problems with sporting events of such magnitude, Fennel said that other Commonwealth Games hosting cities have also had their share of woes.
For a fennel, orange and parsley salad, very thinly slice a large fennel bulb into a bowl and add half a bunch of parsley, two tbsp drained baby capers and 1 peeled and segmented orange.
Grind cinnamon, clove, coriander, fennel, cumin and chili flakes in a spice grinder and mix with flour.
1 disk cheese pastry dough (recipe precedes) 1 head fresh fennel (about 1 lb.
In this recipe the fennel is gently cooked until soft before cooling and folding into crAme fraiche.
Fennel sold Jose's last year to Neal Crawford so he could concentrate on Bordino's.