femoral nerve


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Related to femoral nerve: sciatic nerve, saphenous nerve, obturator nerve

fem·o·ral nerve

[TA]
arises as a branch of the lumbar plexus, conveying fibers from the second, third, and fourth lumbar nerves through the substance of the psoas muscle and enters the thigh via the retroinguinal muscular space posterior to the inguinal ligament, lateral to the femoral vessels; it arborizes within the femoral triangle into muscle branches to the sartorius, pectineus, and quadriceps muscles and anterior femoral cutaneous branches to the skin of the anterior and medial region of the thigh; its terminal branch is the saphenous nerve by which it supplies the skin of the medial leg and foot.

femoral nerve

the largest of the seven nerves stemming from the lumbar plexus and the main nerve of the anterior part of the thigh. Also called anterior crural nerve.

fem·o·ral nerve

(fem'ŏr-ăl nĕrv) [TA]
Arises from the second, third, and fourth lumbar nerves in the substance of the psoas muscle and enters the thigh through the muscular lacuna beneath the inguinal ligament, lateral to the femoral vessels; it arborizes within the femoral triangle into muscle branches to the sartorius, pectineus, and quadriceps muscles and anterior femoral cutaneous nerves to the skin of the anterior and medial region of the thigh; its terminal branch is the saphenous nerve by which it supplies the skin of the medial leg and foot.
Synonym(s): nervus femoralis [TA] .

femoral nerve

One of the main nerves of the leg. It branches widely to run into the group of large muscles on the front of the thigh and to carry back sensation from the skin on the front and inner aspects.

femoral nerve

a division of lumbar plexus; enters thigh at inguinal ligament, lateral to the femoral sheath; it divides into muscular branches (to pectineus, sartorius and quadriceps femoris) and cutaneous branches (anterior medial and lateral cutaneous nerves of thigh); its terminal branch (the saphenous nerve) supplies sensation to medial longitudinal arch of the foot

femoral

pertaining to the femur or to the thigh.

femoral artery
the chief artery of the thigh. See Table 9.
femoral canal
the passage that conducts the femoral vessels from the abdomen to the thigh.
femoral epiphyseolysis
occurs in pigs 5 to 12 months old. There is moderate lameness in one or both hindlimbs. The onset is sudden and often precipitated by physical effort; it worsens within a few days so that the pig cannot use the limb. There is crepitus at the hip joint. There is an underlying osteochondrosis.
femoral head
rounded proximal articulating extremity of the femur; participates in the hip joint.
femoral head necrosis
femoral hernia
protrusion of a loop of intestine into the femoral canal, a tubular passageway that carries nerves and blood vessels to the thigh.
femoral ligament
ligament of the femoral head which runs from the depths of the acetabulum (hip socket) to the pit (fossa) in the head of the femur. See Table 12.
femoral nerve
the largest branch of the lumbar plexus. See Table 14.
femoral slipped head
see femoral epiphyseolysis.
femoral vein
the chief vein of the thigh. See Table 15.
References in periodicals archive ?
Total knee arthroplasty as an overnight stay procedure using continuous femoral nerve block at home: a prospective feasibility study.
Decreasing falls in the postoperative orthopedic patient with a femoral nerve block.
Inhibition of muscular function with femoral nerve involvement could present a serious and potentially severe neurological dysfunction.
We located the femoral nerve through transverse incisions from the ASIS to the pubic symphysis and incisions originating from the midpoint between the ASIS and the pubic symphysis extending longitudinally to the patella.
49) Generally, the anteriormedial portion of the capsule is innervated by the branches of the obturator nerve, anterolateral capsule branches of the femoral nerve, posteromedial joint from branches of the sciatic nerve, and/or nerve to quadratus femoris, superolateral (posterior and anterior) from branches of the superior gluteal nerve.
We hypothesise that patients having Femoral nerve block have no increase in pain compared to patients having combined Femoral and Sciatic nerve block.
The saphenous nerve is a purely sensory nerve, and is the longest terminal branch of the posterior division of the femoral nerve, arising from the L3 and L4 nerve roots.
Within this compartment, the lumber plexus, the ventral ramus of the sacral plexus, iliohypogastric nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, genitofemoral nerve, lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, femoral nerve, obturator nerve, and parts of the sciatic nerve pass through7.
Dubai-based Leila Camilla Gserud, 37, was diagnosed with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) Type 2 in 2009 after she met a car accident and injured her right femoral nerve.
Studying 200 cases with direct anterior minimally invasive approach Hallert et al (49) found three cases of neurological injury, all solved within 12 months: one of the peroneal nerve, one of the femoral nerve and one of the lateral femorocutaneus nerve.