feminization


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feminization

 [fem″ĭ-nĭ-za´shun]
1. the normal induction or development of female secondary sex characters.
2. the induction or development of female secondary sex characters in the male.
testicular feminization complete androgen resistance.

fem·i·ni·za·tion

(fem'i-ni-zā'shŭn), Do not confuse this word with effemination.
Development of what are superficially external female characteristics by a male.

feminization

/fem·i·ni·za·tion/ (fem″ĭ-nĭ-za´shun)
1. the normal development of primary and secondary sex characters in females.
2. the induction or development of female secondary sex characters in the male.

testicular feminization  complete androgen resistance.

feminization

[fem′inīzā′shən]
Etymology: L, femina, woman
1 the normal development or induction of female secondary sex characteristics.
2 the induction of female sex characteristics in a genotypic male. Testicular feminization may be caused by the inability of target tissues to respond to endogenous or administered androgen. Some cases seem related to an absent or inadequate conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, which is the active form of the androgen. Testicular feminization in males with an X and a Y chromosome and a female phenotype may be caused by fetal hypogonadism and is often familial. Individuals with this defect usually have undescended or labial testes, a short blind vaginal pouch; no uterus, well-developed breasts, sparse or absent axillary and pubic hair, normal plasma levels of testosterone and follicle-stimulating hormone, and increased concentrations of estradiol and luteinizing hormone. Treatment consists of orchiectomy because of the risk of cancer in gonads of these patients. Feminization may also be caused by adrenocortical estrogen-secreting tumor, failure of the liver to inactivate endogenous estrogens such as in advanced alcoholism, or the administration of estrogen therapy for androgen-dependent neoplasms. Some testicular tumors may produce feminizing symptoms, and gynecomastia may be caused by Klinefelter's syndrome and by certain drugs, such as reserpine, digitalis, meprobamate, and cimetidine. Compare virilization. See also pseudohermaphroditism.

feminization

Endocrinology The development of ♀ secondary sex characteristics in a genotypic ♂, with regression of body hair and change to a ♀ body contour. See Testicular feminization Social medicine The shift in the demographics of a particular profession or type of work. See Occupational feminization.

fem·i·ni·za·tion

(fem'i-nī-zā'shŭn)
Development of what are superficially external female characteristics by a male.

feminization

1. The effects of the sex hormones, oestradiol (estradiol) and oestrone (estrone), from the ovary, bringing about the normal female secondary sexual characteristics.
2. The development of female secondary sexual characteristics in the male, as when a tumour of an adrenal gland causes the production of mainly female sex hormones (oestrogens). In testicular feminization, the male sex hormone does not bind properly to the tissue receptors. In the absence of male sex hormones before puberty, as in men castrated early, feminization occurs.

feminization

acquisition of female characteristics by the male

feminization

1. the normal induction or development of female sex characters.
2. the induction or development of female secondary sex characters in the male, e.g. in testicular sertoli cell tumor.

testicular feminization
a condition in which the subject is phenotypically female, but lacks nuclear sex chromatin and is of XY chromosomal sex.
References in periodicals archive ?
In describing the feminization process that followed Stockholms Enskilda Bank's 1864 hiring decision, we present a more complete, empirically sound picture of the macro-level feminization and the gradual closing of gender gaps in the work force and wages in the Swedish bank sector.
The "limits of the American culture of dissent" are the limits of gender--or, rather, the inability of countercultural critique to get beyond a narrative about feminization or emasculation.
The objective of this part is to find out whether there is feminization of poverty in Douala considering women's low income, education and dead-end jobs.
Assembling Women: The Feminization of Global Manufacturing.
A paper by Martin's team in the July 30 Aquatic Toxicology makes a similar link between agricultural intensity and the feminization of male amphibians--in this case northern leopard frogs.
A paper by Martin's team due out soon in Aquatic Toxicology will make a similar link between a region's agricultural intensity and the feminization of local male amphibians--in this case northern leopard frogs.
The feminization of America on display -- a compassionate, though idiotic, jury at work.
The feminization of poverty and the politics of panhandling laws and other repressive ordinances illuminated the ways in which race, gender, and citizenship remained tightly bound to "home.
Listed are: "Age complexity,"--'age defying consumption' meets the trend of 'age as identity'; "Gender complexity"--the feminization of men and the rise of 'role anxiety'; "Lifestage complexity"--traditional lifestages being delayed or abandoned; "Income complexity"--rising expectations and changing perceptions of luxury; "Individualism--the march towards self-expression continues; "Sensory"--experimental, sensation seeking consumers; "Comfort"--cocooning consumers focusing on home, tradition, and simplification; "Connectivity"--the increasing desire for belonging; "Convenience"--the demand for easier, faster, disposable products; and "Health"--the growing recognition that physical and mental wellbeing matter.
THE FEMINIZATION OF AIDS (The New York Times, New York)
Catherine Kingfisher's edited book places the reductions in welfare programs in the context of neo-liberalism, globalization, and the feminization of poverty.