female athletic triad

female athletic triad

the combination of an eating disorder, amenorrhoea and osteoporosis. The signs may be hidden by the athlete, making the diagnosis difficult, though early recognition can be achieved through risk factor assessment and screening questions. Risk factors include being a competitive athlete, taking part in sports in which low body weight is an advantage (such as gymnastics) or endurance sports (such as distance running). More common in those whose sport takes up all of their free time, and who may be under pressure from parents or coach. Features include amenorrhoea for more than 3 months, fainting, loss of weight to more than 10% below ideal. Decreased bone mineral density can result in recurrent premature osteoporotic stress fractures, with normal density never regained. There is also low self-esteem, anxiety, excessive exercise and a preoccupation with food and weight management. Treatment requires involvement of the athlete, her parents, coach, doctor and nutritionist, and includes appropriate diet, exercise modification and psychological support and counselling.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is also imperative to consider the female athletic triad (Otis et al 1997) (disordered eating, menstrual dysfunction, and osteoporosis) when dealing with this athletic population, which has been proposed to be due to an energy deficit following on from a relatively low energy intake in combination with high energy demands (Ekstrand and Torstveit, 2012).
While the consequences epitomize those of Female Athletic Triad syndrome, the prevalence of this disorder among female athletes is so low that it likely represents a small percentage of those at risk.
The female athletic triad is known as a syndrome including disordered eating, altered menstrual function, and deficiencies in bone mineralization, resulting in amenorrhea and osteopenia.
The adolescent well-health exam provides what may well be a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to identify patients at risk for the female athletic triad before permanent damage occurs, Dr.
Concern about these health problems and injuries has recently gained recognition as the female athletic triad, which describes the coexistence of three distinct medical conditions that may occur in girls and women involved in vigorous competitive athletic training.
This triad of health problems is not always related to sports or physical activity participation; however, exercise can add to the disturbance of caloric balance that can trigger the female athletic triad.