feed

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feed

(fēd)
v. fed (fĕd), feeding, feeds
v.tr.
1.
a. To give food to; supply with nourishment: feed the children.
b. To provide as food or nourishment: fed fish to the cat.
2.
a. To serve as food for: The turkey is large enough to feed a dozen.
b. To produce food for: The valley feeds an entire county.
v.intr.
1. To eat. Used of animals: pigs feeding at a trough.
2. To be nourished or supported: an ego that feeds on flattery.
n.
1.
a. Food for animals, especially livestock.
b. The amount of such food given at one time.
2. Informal A meal, especially a large one: We had a great feed at the restaurant.
3. The act of providing food, especially to an animal: food given at one feed.

feed

materials of nutritional value fed to animals. Each species has a normal diet composed of feeds or feedstuffs which are appropriate to its kind of alimentary tract and which are economically sensible as well as being nutritious and palatable. Agricultural animals at pasture have a diet which is very variable and subject to naturally occurring nutritional deficiencies. See also ration.

acidification of feed
used to enhance the stomach acidity, reducing pH and salmonella infection as well as improving pig performance.
feed additives
pharmaceutical or nutritional substances that are not natural feedstuffs are added to made-up and stored feeds for various purposes, chiefly to control infectious disease or to promote growth. Improper use may cause poisoning in the subject animals or undesirable residues in food for human consumption produced by the animals. The use of additives in this way is strictly controlled by legislation in most countries. Some of them require a prescription by a veterinarian to comply with local poisons laws. See also mass medication, growth promotants.
feed beets
varieties of Beta vulgaris developed specifically to provide feed for cattle.
feed blocks
nutritional materials pressed into a block form which animals lick or nibble. Used usually as a vehicle for protein and mineral-vitamin mixes with a variable amount of carbohydrate in the form of cereal grain or molasses.
feed budget
comparison of feed required with feed available and likely to be grown during the time of the budget projection.
feed bunk
compound feed
a mixture of macro- and micronutrients in appropriate concentrations to be added to grain or concentrate mixtures to provide an adequate diet for high producing animals.
feed concentrates
one method of supplying supplements and additives is to prepare a mix of these substances which is added to the basic ration. These mixes are called concentrates and, because they usually have a high content of cereal grains, mixes that contain only grain are also called concentrates.
feed conversion
units of production (e.g. lb or kg weight gain) per unit of feed fed (lb or kg weight of feed fed) during a specified time period.
feed conversion rate (FCR)
the number of pounds or kilograms of the ration needed to produce 1 pound or kilogram of animal under standard conditions.
feed deprivation
complete or partial withholding of feed.
forage feed
hay, ensilage, green chop. Any feed with a high cellulose content relative to other nutrients.
feed grade
said of a consignment of grain. Suitable for animal feed but not for human consumption.
feed grain
cereal and other grains used as animal feed. Includes wheat, barley, oats, rye, maize, sorghum.
feed hopper
a funnel shaped bin used to store grain or pelleted feed.
pelleted feed
concentrated foods made into pellets. Have the advantages of ease of handling, lack of dust and waste, and a standard composition of the pellets. They have the disadvantage of additional cost and the potential danger of destruction of vitamins by heat or compression during processing. A common feeding technique in poultry and rabbits. See also ruminal parakeratosis.
feed poisoning
a group of acute illnesses due to ingestion of contaminated food. It may result from allergy, toxemia from foods such as those inherently poisonous or those contaminated by poisons, foods containing poisons formed by bacteria or bloodborne infections. Food poisoning usually causes inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract (gastroenteritis).
feed refusal
the patient is hungry but refuses to eat the particular feed.
feed residues
materials left over from some treatment of pasture or crop, or of animal material from animals that have been treated with for example a chlorinated hydrocarbon. The residues may be toxic to the animals or their risk may be that of subsequent passage to the human food chain.
feed standards
a set of tables which include the amounts of each dietary constituent required by each age and class of animal for maintenance and for different levels of production. When complemented by tables of composition of feeds it is then possible to accurately formulate rations for individual or groups of animals, a process essential for operation of a least-cost ration feeding program.
feed supplements
nutritive materials which are feedstuffs in their own right and which are added to a basic diet such as pasture to supplement its deficiencies. Includes trace elements and macrofeeds such as protein supplements.
feed antibiotic supplement
antibiotics fed to supply undefined growth promotion factors to farm animals. Called also feed probiotic supplements.
feed probiotic supplement
see feed antibiotic supplement (above).
feed utilization
proportion of a feed which can be utilized by the patient for bodily functions; abnormality may be a characteristic of the feed or of the patient's digestive or metabolic processes.

Patient discussion about feed

Q. Feeding Tub. How does the Feeding Tub works?

A. Is it easy to feed someone with a feeding tub?. My husband has cancer and can not eat any thing. The cancer is in the voice box.

Q. I gave birth 2 weeks ago and I am having real difficulties breast feeding it hurts really bad, and I am constantly worried that my baby isn't eating enough. What can I do?

A. if it really hurts, maybe you should stop it for a while (maybe there is a micro/small wound at your nipple). You should cure it first then you can soon start breastfeeding your baby again.

Just make sure you have enough drink, be relaxed while breastfeeding, and have enough & healthy nutrition also!
Stay healthy always..

More discussions about feed
References in periodicals archive ?
effects of dietary protein and lipid on growth performance and feed utilization.
Growth response and feed utilization of juvenile hybrid catfish fed diets containing distillers's dried grains with solubles to replace a combination of soybean meal and corn meal.
It is well known that the efficiency of feed utilization and consequent growth performance is affected by the quality of dietary protein [24, 25].
Effect of dietary garlic extracts on growth, feed utilization and whole body composition of juvenile sterlet sturgeon (Acipenser ruthenus).
At the end of the experimental period the following growth and feed utilization indices were calculated; percentage weight gain, specific growth rate (SGR), food conversion efficiency (FCE), food conversion ratio (FCR) and apparent net protein utilization (ANPU) using the following equations as described by Brown [10], Winberg [11], Castell and Teiws [12] and Miller and Bender [13], respectively.
This indicates that the efficiency of feed utilization and feed conversion was not influenced by the feed frequency.
Regarding the commercial importance of this species in Korea, a feeding trial was undertaken to examine the supplemental effects of Barodon on growth performance, feed utilization, nonspecific immune response, gastrointestinal histology and feed digestibility.
Further, feeding Arm & Hammer Animal Nutrition products aid in efficient feed utilization, indirectly reducing the carbon footprint of the dairy and nitrogen emissions, as increases in milk production can be attained without an increase in feed inputs," notes Pasricha.
Growth performance and feed utilization of Wuchang bream fed different levels of carbohydrate diet are shown in Table 2.
The effect of improved feed utilization in percent, would be even greater for Canada, based on historical data.