Fecalith | definition of fecalith by Medical dictionary
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Related to fecalith: coprolith
A hard mass consisting of inspissated feces.
[L. faeces, feces, + G. lithos, stone]
fecalith /fe·ca·lith/ (fe´kah-lith) coprolith; an intestinal concretion formed around a center of fecal matter.
Etymology: L, faex + Gk, lithos, stone
a hard, impacted mass of feces in the colon. To allow evacuation, an oil retention enema is usually administered. If it is ineffective, manual removal can be performed. See also atonic constipation, constipation
fecalith An indurated bolus of partially dried fecal material
[copro- + G. lithos, stone]
a mass of very hard feces requiring surgical removal. Strictly speaking is a mineralized concretion around a fecal mass.
Fecalith in a horse at necropsy. By permission from Knottenbelt DC, Pascoe RR, Diseases and Disorders of the Horse, Saunders, 2003
References in periodicals archive
Fluid in the right paracolic gutter, abscess formation (a liquefied mass of <20 HU on CT), or an inflammatory mass (indurated soft tissue of >20 HU on CT) with a calcified fecalith
may be seen.
One is elevated intestinal pressure as a sequela of luminal obstruction caused by inflammation, mucosal hyperplasia, or intestinal lesions such as fecaliths
, endometriosis, diverticula, and polyps.
While calcified appendicoliths are frequently discussed with appendicitis, lymphoid hyperplasia and fecaliths
are also common causes of appendiceal obstruction.