fecalith


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fe·ca·lith

(fē'kă-lith),
A hard mass consisting of inspissated feces.
Synonym(s): coprolith, stercolith
[L. faeces, feces, + G. lithos, stone]

fecalith

/fe·ca·lith/ (fe´kah-lith) coprolith; an intestinal concretion formed around a center of fecal matter.

fecalith

[fē′kəlith]
Etymology: L, faex + Gk, lithos, stone
a hard, impacted mass of feces in the colon. To allow evacuation, an oil retention enema is usually administered. If it is ineffective, manual removal can be performed. See also atonic constipation, constipation.

fecalith

An indurated bolus of partially dried fecal material

cop·ro·lith

(kop'rō-lith)
A hard mass consisting of inspissated feces.
Synonym(s): fecalith, stercolith.
[copro- + G. lithos, stone]

fecalith

a mass of very hard feces requiring surgical removal. Strictly speaking is a mineralized concretion around a fecal mass.
Enlarge picture
Fecalith in a horse at necropsy. By permission from Knottenbelt DC, Pascoe RR, Diseases and Disorders of the Horse, Saunders, 2003
References in periodicals archive ?
Plain films of the abdomen will demonstrate a fecalith in approximately 14% of patients with acute appendicitis.
Fluid in the right paracolic gutter, abscess formation (a liquefied mass of <20 HU on CT), or an inflammatory mass (indurated soft tissue of >20 HU on CT) with a calcified fecalith may be seen.
It shows significantly dilated air and fecal filled bowel loops with fecaliths.
Obstruction of the appendix caused by lymphoid hyperplasia and fecaliths is considered to be the most common cause of acute appendicitis.
One is elevated intestinal pressure as a sequela of luminal obstruction caused by inflammation, mucosal hyperplasia, or intestinal lesions such as fecaliths, endometriosis, diverticula, and polyps.
Thus, in a lower-court case in which the plaintiff suffered a perforated bowel purportedly from the use of cholestyramine and codeine that resulted in severe constipation from huge fecaliths, the doctor defendant escaped liability because the patient fared to exclude a barium enema procedure as the cause of the perforation.
While calcified appendicoliths are frequently discussed with appendicitis, lymphoid hyperplasia and fecaliths are also common causes of appendiceal obstruction.