febrile seizure


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seizure

 [se´zhur]
1. the sudden attack or recurrence of a disease.
2. a convulsion or attack of epilepsy.
absence seizure the seizure seen in petit mal epilepsy, marked by a momentary break in the stream of thought and activity, accompanied by a symmetrical spike and wave at 3 cycles per second on the electroencephalogram. Called also petit malseizure. See epilepsy.
atonic seizure an absence seizure characterized by sudden loss of muscle tone.
complex partial seizure see partial seizure.
febrile seizure febrile convulsion.
focal seizure partial seizure.
focal motor seizure a simple partial seizure consisting of clonus or spasm of a muscle or muscle group, occurring either singly or in a continuous repetitive series.
generalized tonic-clonic seizure (grand mal seizure) the seizure seen in grand mal epilepsy, marked by loss of consciousness and generalized tonic convulsions followed by clonic convulsions. See epilepsy.
jackknife s's infantile spasms.
myoclonic seizure one characterized by a brief episode of myoclonus.
partial seizure any seizure due to a lesion in a specific, known area of the cerebral cortex; symptoms vary with different lesion locations. A simple partial seizure is the most localized type, with a discharge that is predominantly one-sided or presents localized features without loss of consciousness. A complex partial seizure is associated with disease of the temporal lobe and characterized by varying degrees of impairment of consciousness. See epilepsy.
petit mal seizure absence seizure.
reflex seizure (sensory seizure) an epileptic seizure in response to a sensory stimulus, which may be tactile, visual, auditory, or musical.
simple partial seizure see partial seizure.
tonic-clonic seizure see generalized tonic-clonic seizure.

feb·rile con·vul·sion

a brief seizure, lasting less than 15 minutes, seen in a neurologically normal infant or young child, associated with fever.
Synonym(s): febrile seizure

febrile seizure

a seizure associated with a febrile illness. Treatment depends on the age of the patient and the number of seizures. Generalized recurrent febrile seizures in children may be treated as grand mal epilepsy.

febrile seizure

Fever-induced seizure Pediatrics A generalized tonic-clonic–grand mal seizure seen in infants to toddlers after rapidly rising fevers lasting from seconds to minutes; most are idiopathic; FSs may be more common in families DiffDx Various intoxications, meningitis, encephalitis, roseola, or infection with HHV6,.Shigella

Febrile seizure

Convulsions brought on by fever.
Mentioned in: Fever
References in periodicals archive ?
While the pathogenesis is unknown, it may be related to prior infection or febrile seizures as a child.
Finally, the role of AVP as a neurotransmitter in febrile seizures needs to be explored further.
And though febrile seizures are a very scary event for a family, they are not dangerous and do not lead to later epilepsy or seizure disorders," said Randy Bergen, MD, a Kaiser Permanente pediatrician and infectious disease specialist at Kaiser Permanente-Walnut Creek.
The boy's history contained no previous neurologic or developmental disabilities and no family history of epilepsy or febrile seizures.
7 years) who experienced their first febrile seizure between 1 January 1997 and 31 December 2003.
HHV-6 DNA was also detected in CSF of 70% to 90% of children who had neurologic symptoms during their primary HHV-6 infection, with a disproportionate association with recurrent febrile seizures (17).
While this earlier study and the resulting CDC recommendations are very important and ones our pediatricians follow, it is also important to emphasize that it is more common for a child to have a febrile seizure caused by a simple cold than by an immunization.
This study found that the risk for a febrile seizure after the first dose of MMRV vaccine is low, although it is higher than after MMR vaccine and varicella vaccine administered as separate injections.
In the seizure disorder the patient usually brought with fever and convulsion either due to meningitis, febrile seizures or cerebral palsy.
Administration of CSL's 2010 Southern Hemisphere influenza vaccine was associated with postmarketing reports of increased rates of fever and febrile seizures in children predominantly below the age of 5 years as compared to previous years; these increased rates were confirmed by postmarketing studies.
Comparison of intranasal midazolam with intravenous diazepam for treating febrile seizures in children: prospective randomised study.