Occasionally, non-traumatic pathologies can be responsible for the fat embolism syndrome (2).
Diagnosis of fat embolism syndrome maybe difficult and is based on clinical findings and radiological images.
Early surgical fixation of long bone fractures prevents motion at the fracture site and decreases the incidence of the fat embolism syndrome (6).
Although the diagnosis of fat embolism syndrome is usually based on clinical findings, we describe ill-defined centrilobular and subpleural nodules in addition to ground-glass opacities and consolidation on a computed tomography scan of the chest in a trauma patient with fat embolism syndrome.
Fat embolism syndrome is a rare, poorly understood but serious complication which occurs after the direct entry of fat globules into the systemic circulation.
As opposed to computed tomography (CT) findings in other forms of ARDS, radiological features have only been described occasionally in severe fat embolism syndrome.