fat distribution

fat distribution

The location of fat on the body. There are two patterns of body fat distribution, as measured by the ratio of the corporal diameter at the hips and waist, waist:hip ratio (normal: 0.7–0.8); these patterns differ significantly in co-morbidity of obesity. 

Fat distribution, female/male
• Gynecoid pattern (Female pattern)—Fat is deposited in the lower body (abdomen, buttocks, hips, thighs) by mesenchymal differentiation or hyperplasia. 
• Android pattern (Male pattern)—Fat is deposited in the upper body, especially around the abdomen. Adipocytes are more sensitive to insulin and catecholamines; fat accumulates by hypertrophy, possibly a function of membrane receptor density. The android pattern has greater lipolytic and lipogenic potential, and thus carries a greater risk for hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and hyperinsulinaemia.
References in periodicals archive ?
A score of over 25 means you're considered 'overweight' giving no indication about the fat distribution around the body.
A second Phase 3 study of volanesorsen has begun in patients with FPL, a rare lipid disorder characterized by abnormal fat distribution across the body and a range of metabolic abnormalities, including severe insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hypertriglyceridemia, hepatic steatosis and, in affected women, features of hyperandrogenism.
A study found the same did not apply to girls, which it suggested could be explained by their different body fat distribution.
The association between central fat distribution and recurrent cardiovascular disease events in female survivors of nonfatal myocardial infarction.
Family history, weight, age, fat distribution, and physical inactivity are the risk factors for this chronic condition.
Effects of aerobic training on fat distribution in male subjects.
They measured participants waistlines and their fat distribution, using ultrasound scans to assess deep abdominal fat deposits.
The muscle mass and fat distribution may change, but our bone structure remains the same.
Key sex differences in the metabolic syndrome include distinctions in (a) glycemic indices, (b) body fat distribution, (c) adipocyte size and function, (d) hormonal regulation of body weight and adiposity, and (e) the influence of estrogen decline on risk factor clustering.
It has more on Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges; new photos; new information on body fat distribution, abdominal obesity, and its effect on metabolic abnormalities; new sections on developing a healthy sexual relationship and managing fertility; and a revised unit on major diseases.
Ahima said that BMI does not take into account fat and doesn't indicate the fat distribution in the body.