fat distribution

fat distribution

The location of fat on the body. There are two patterns of body fat distribution, as measured by the ratio of the corporal diameter at the hips and waist, waist:hip ratio (normal: 0.7–0.8); these patterns differ significantly in co-morbidity of obesity. 

Fat distribution, female/male
• Gynecoid pattern (Female pattern)—Fat is deposited in the lower body (abdomen, buttocks, hips, thighs) by mesenchymal differentiation or hyperplasia. 
• Android pattern (Male pattern)—Fat is deposited in the upper body, especially around the abdomen. Adipocytes are more sensitive to insulin and catecholamines; fat accumulates by hypertrophy, possibly a function of membrane receptor density. The android pattern has greater lipolytic and lipogenic potential, and thus carries a greater risk for hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and hyperinsulinaemia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hafsa Omar, Omama AbuAker and Walaa Mohamed conducted a research on the 'Association between fat distribution and iron status among Qatari adults'.
So some people show a clear change in fat distribution patterns but not much in breast development, while in others the opposite occurs.
Although it is not the gold standard for the measurement of fat distribution in the body but is the most convenient one to be employed in clinical practice.
Your excess belly fat in late 50s may pose a threat, as according to a study, body fat distribution in the trunk may increase risk of cancer, especially lung and gastrointestinal cancers, in postmenopausal women.
The chlorogenic acid constituent in green coffee is thought to be responsible for several of its pharmacological effects, such as modulating glucose metabolism, inhibiting fat accumulation and altering body fat distribution.
Even though low birth weight was linked to earlier onset of menarche, higher body fat distribution and height in childhood was also associated with an earlier menarche.
Scientists have found that individuals who are centrally obese, or possess 'beer bellies,' are twice more likely to be at risk of death than those who are heavier but have more fat distribution in their bodies, The Telegraph reports.
The science says that fat distribution is important, and, if you're going to have some, it's best to have it below the waist, as it helps to serve as a barrier against heart disease, diabetes and other conditions linked to obesity.
However, by itself, BMI is not sufficient to assess risk in an individual because BMI measures only body size and is not a direct measure of body fat, body fat distribution, or overall health.
Table 3 shows the comparisons between male swimmers and nonswimmers regarding measurement of fat distribution in lower and upper extremities.
Although abdominal adiposity is a relevant issue, there are few studies on the body fat distribution in these patients and, so far, there is no national publication on this topic.
Changes in body fat distribution are frequent findings in HIV/AIDS patients, with onset shortly after initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART).