fascioliasis

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Related to fasciolosis: fascioliasis

fascioliasis

 [fas″e-o-li´ah-sis]
infection with Fasciola.

fas·ci·o·li·a·sis

(fa'sē-ō-lī'ă-sis),
Infection with a species of Fasciola.

fascioliasis

/fas·cio·li·a·sis/ (fas″e-o-li´ah-sis) infection with Fasciola.

fascioliasis

(fə-sē′ə-lī′ə-sĭs, -sī′-)
n. pl. fasciolia·ses (-sēz′)
Infestation with parasitic liver flukes of the genus Fasciola, especially the species F. hepatica and F. gigantica.

fascioliasis

[fas′ē·ōlī′əsis]
Etymology: L, fasciola, little band; Gk, osis, condition
infection by a liver fluke of the species Fasciola hepatica or F. gigantica. It is characterized by epigastric pain, fever, hepatomegaly, jaundice, eosinophilia, urticaria, and diarrhea. Fibrosis of the liver is a consequence of prolonged infection. It is acquired by ingestion of encysted forms of the fluke found on aquatic plants, such as raw watercress grown in water contaminated by sheep or cattle dung. The disease is prevalent in many parts of the world, including the southern and western United States. Incidence of infection has increased over the last 20 years. Bithionol or triclabendazole, given orally, is the usual treatment.

fascioliasis

Infection with a trematode worm or fluke of the genus Fasciola , especially Fasciola hepatica , a liver fluke parasite of sheep and cattle that can be transmitted to man on vegetation such as watercress. There is fever, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, liver tenderness, jaundice and sometimes CIRRHOSIS of the liver.

fascioliasis

the disease caused by infestation with fasciola. Called also distomatosis, distomiasis.

hepatic fascioliasis
acute or chronic hepatic insufficiency results. Acute fascioliasis in sheep is characterized by sudden death due to blood loss from the liver. Chronic fascioliasis in sheep and cattle causes anemia, weight loss, submandibular edema and mucosal pallor. The livers are badly damaged due to fibrosis and cholangitis and are a cause of loss at abattoirs. See also infectious necrotic hepatitis, bacillary hemoglobinuria.
fascioliasis-ostertagiasis complex
a disease of cattle in which the diarrhea of ostertagiasis is accompanied by the anemia of fascioliasis.
References in periodicals archive ?
The incidence of fasciolosis in cattle examined after slaughter during the survey at the abattoir between September and December 2004 is shown in Fig.
The uniform reduction in the general prevalence of bovine fasciolosis over the years was characterized by few peaks between 1999 and 2001 (Fig.
02%) were slaughtered at the Ibadan abattoir with 37,828 found to be infected with fasciolosis.
A continuous increase in the number of cattle slaughtered yearly, a low periodic prevalence of bovine fasciolosis determined through meat inspection and liver condemnation, seasonal variation in the prevalence as well as sex variation in the incidence and lastly, a huge economic loss as a result of the disease from January 1994 to December 2004.
72% for bovine fasciolosis in a four-year retrospective study.
This longer stay makes them more exposed and susceptible to parasitic diseases like fasciolosis.
La fasciolosis se caracterizaria por evolucionar desde una fase aguda, que comenzaria a las dos semanas post-infestacion y se caracterizaria por el aumento de AST, SDH y GLDH, hacia una fase cronica que se instalaria varios meses despues con anemia e hipoalbuminemia; sin embargo en bovinos existiria un estadio muy comun denominado "fase subclinica" consecutivo a la ingestion prolongada de pequeno numero de metacercarias, las cuales solamente provocarian una moderada colangitis, sin sintomas asociados (8).
Si bien los valores de hematocrito, eritrocitos, hemoglobina, hierro e indices hematimetricos fueron mas bajos en los ejemplares parasitados, la magnitud de su descenso no llego a configurar el estado de anemia reportado para bovinos con fasciolosis (1, 8), especialmente hipocromica (5, 9).
En vacunos con fasciolosis versus controles sanos se registraron significativos descensos de hierro, hematocrito, hemoglobina, HCM y CHCM, con VCM normal, tipificando una anemia hipocromica microcitica (9).
En ganado con fasciolosis la eosinofilia fue asociada con disminucion de neutrofilos, linfocitos y monocitos (6).
En el ganado con sintomas de fasciolosis, la hiperbilirrubinemia frecuentemente se acompana de bilirrubinuria (3).
Hiperendemicidad de fasciolosis humana en el Valle de Mantaro, Peru: factores de riesgo de la infeccion por Fasciola hepatica.