fascioliasis(redirected from fascioliases)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
infection with Fasciola.
Infection with a species of Fasciola.
fascioliasis/fas·cio·li·a·sis/ (fas″e-o-li´ah-sis) infection with Fasciola.
n. pl. fasciolia·ses (-sēz′)
Infestation with parasitic liver flukes of the genus Fasciola, especially the species F. hepatica and F. gigantica.
Etymology: L, fasciola, little band; Gk, osis, condition
infection by a liver fluke of the species Fasciola hepatica or F. gigantica. It is characterized by epigastric pain, fever, hepatomegaly, jaundice, eosinophilia, urticaria, and diarrhea. Fibrosis of the liver is a consequence of prolonged infection. It is acquired by ingestion of encysted forms of the fluke found on aquatic plants, such as raw watercress grown in water contaminated by sheep or cattle dung. The disease is prevalent in many parts of the world, including the southern and western United States. Incidence of infection has increased over the last 20 years. Bithionol or triclabendazole, given orally, is the usual treatment.
fascioliasisInfection with a trematode worm or fluke of the genus Fasciola , especially Fasciola hepatica , a liver fluke parasite of sheep and cattle that can be transmitted to man on vegetation such as watercress. There is fever, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, liver tenderness, jaundice and sometimes CIRRHOSIS of the liver.
the disease caused by infestation with fasciola. Called also distomatosis, distomiasis.
acute or chronic hepatic insufficiency results. Acute fascioliasis in sheep is characterized by sudden death due to blood loss from the liver. Chronic fascioliasis in sheep and cattle causes anemia, weight loss, submandibular edema and mucosal pallor. The livers are badly damaged due to fibrosis and cholangitis and are a cause of loss at abattoirs. See also infectious necrotic hepatitis, bacillary hemoglobinuria.
a disease of cattle in which the diarrhea of ostertagiasis is accompanied by the anemia of fascioliasis.