fasciitis


Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

fasciitis

 [fas″e-i´tis]
inflammation of a fascia.
necrotizing fasciitis a fulminating group A streptococcal infection beginning with severe or extensive cellulitis that spreads to involve the superficial and deep fascia, producing thrombosis of the subcutaneous vessels and gangrene of the underlying tissues. A cutaneous lesion usually serves as a portal of entry for the infection, but sometimes no such lesion is found.
nodular fasciitis (proliferative fasciitis) a benign, reactive proliferation of fibroblasts in the subcutaneous tissues and commonly associated with the deep fascia.
pseudosarcomatous fasciitis a benign soft tissue tumor occurring subcutaneously and sometimes arising from deep muscle and fascia.

fas·ci·i·tis

(fas'ē-ī'tis, fash-),
1. Inflammation in fascia.
2. Reactive proliferation of fibroblasts in fascia.
Synonym(s): fascitis

fasciitis

/fas·ci·itis/ (fas-e-i´tis) inflammation of a fascia.
eosinophilic fasciitis  inflammation of fasciae of the limbs, with eosinophilia, edema, and swelling, often after strenuous exercise.
necrotizing fasciitis  a gas-forming, fulminating, necrotic infection of the superficial and deep fascia, resulting in thrombosis of the subcutaneous vessels and gangrene of the underlying tissues. It is usually caused by multiple pathogens and is frequently associated with diabetes mellitus.
nodular fasciitis  a benign, reactive proliferation of fibroblasts in the subcutaneous tissues, commonly affecting the deep fascia, usually in young adults.
proliferative fasciitis  a benign reactive proliferation of fibroblasts in subcutaneous tissues, resembling nodular fasciitis but characterized also by basophilic giant cells and occurrence in the skeletal muscles in older adults.
pseudosarcomatous fasciitis  nodular f.

fasciitis

(făsh′ē-ī′tĭs, făs′-)
n.
Inflammation in a fascia, usually as a result of infection or injury.

fasciitis

[fas′ē·ī′tis]
1 an inflammation of the connective tissue that may be caused by streptococcal or other types of infection, an injury, or an autoimmune reaction.
2 an abnormal benign growth (pseudosarcomatous fasciitis) resembling a tumor that develops in the subcutaneous oral tissues, usually in the cheek. Commonly growing rapidly and then regressing, it consists of young fibroblasts and many capillaries and may be mistaken for fibrosarcoma. Also spelled fascitis [fasī′tis] .
enlarge picture
Necrotizing fasciitis

fasciitis

Orthopedics Inflammation of a fascia. See Eosinophilic faciitis, Necrotizing fasciitis, Nodular fasciitis.

fas·ci·i·tis

(fashē-ītis)
1. Inflammation of the fascia.
2. Reactive proliferation of fibroblasts in fascia.

fasciitis

Inflammation of FASCIA. Fasciitis is rare and is sometimes associated with conditions such as ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS or REITER'S SYNDROME. See also NECROTIZING FASCIITIS.

fas·ci·i·tis

(fashē-ītis)
1. Inflammation in fascia.
2. Reactive proliferation of fibroblasts in fascia.

fasciitis

inflammation of a fascia.

necrotizing fasciitis
a gas-forming, fulminating, necrotic infection of the superficial and deep fascia, resulting in thrombosis of the subcutaneous vessels and gangrene of the underlying tissues. It is usually caused by multiple pathogens.
nodular fasciitis, proliferative fasciitis
see nodular fasciitis.

Patient discussion about fasciitis

Q. Can anyone suggest a treatment for plantar fasciitis, apart from ultrasound, physio, anti-inflammatory agents? My friend has had Plantar Fasciitis for more than 1 year and has persevered with all the ususal treatments above plus lots of rest from weight-bearing and elevation.

A. Padded foot splints, silicone heels insert and special shoes (e.g. arch-supporting shoes) may also help. These are usually sold and fitted by a professional. Exercise is another important measure. Some patients benefit from avoiding walking barefoot or in sleepers but rather using shoes from the first step.

More advanced treatments include steroid-local anesthetics injections, botulinum toxin (similar to botox) injections and surgery.

The prognosis is usually favorable, and most patients achieve relief of the pain.

However, all of the above is just for general knowledge - if you have any specific question, you may want to consult a doctor.

You may read more here:
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007021.htm

Q. Is there any good source for heel pain relief, besides NSAIDs? My heel pain is most severe at night when I sleep. It's as if the way I position my feet worsen the condition, but I'm at a loss to know how to position my feet. During the day my heels feel so but don't typically bother me.

A. I have found that keeping my feet flexed (the position they are in when standing) helps ease the pain of plantar facitis. I also don't let my feet get cold(wear socks)and keep heavy blankets and quilts off the feet. Placing a box under the covers at the foot of the bed will help keep the blankets up. Do try the exercises recommended on the above web sites. It usually resolves in about 6 months. Best wishes!

More discussions about fasciitis
References in periodicals archive ?
You are at greater risk of plantar fasciitis if you frequently wear shoes that lack adequate support, such as flip-flops or flat shoes.
Following the conclusion of this trial, MiMedx intends to file a biologic license application with the US Food and Drug Administration for AmnioFix Injectable to treat moderate to severe plantar fasciitis pain that has failed conservative treatment for at least 30 days.
Clinical profile of Necrotising Fasciitis is variable and the clinical course can be erratic.
In cases of fasciitis and systemic causes of heel pain, a short period of ambulation often improves the condition.
I feel it's important to put this book in the hands of as many plantar fasciitis sufferers as possible because it's such a troublesome foot condition," she explained.
Nodular fasciitis of the external ear region: a clinicopathologic study of 50 cases.
But in cases of necrotising fasciitis, bacteria spread rapidly once they enter the body.
NECROTISING FASCIITIS Is a serious bacterial skin infection that spreads quickly and kills the body's soft tissue.
Necrotizing fasciitis is an uncommon soft tissue infection involving the skin, subcutaneous tissue, and fascia.
Plantar fasciitis is a common overuse injury that can be associated with substantial heel pain.
Foot issues that often plague people age 50 and older include plantar fasciitis, bunions, and regular, everyday soreness.