farrowing

(redirected from farrowing crate)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

farrowing

the act of parturition in the sow; giving birth to a litter of piglets at term, average the 115th day after conception.

batch farrowing
a group of sows due to farrow at about the same time are moved into the farrowing facility at the same time and kept there until all are farrowed; they are then moved out; the facility is then thoroughly sanitized ready for the next batch.
farrowing crate
cage-like, open pipework unit large enough to hold a sow but too narrow to permit it to turn around. Maximizes use of space and mechanical services, minimizes labor and feed wastage, reduces crushing losses.
farrowing fever
farrowing house
a specialist accommodation unit devoted to the care of sows at farrowing.
farrowing hysteria
affected gilts restless at farrowing savage piglets without cannibalizing them. Mortality rate very high. Likely to recur at next farrowing and gilt or sow should be culled.
induced farrowing
hormonal initiation of parturition before full term, usually with a prostaglandin.
farrowing interval
interval between litters; 6 months is the minimal objective and the interval depends on age of piglets at weaning.
farrowing index
the number of times a sow (herd) farrows in a 365 day period. It, along with litter size and mortality from birth to marketing, determines the number of pigs marketed per sow per year (PMSY). Weaning at 8 weeks of age potentially allows a farrowing index of 2. Weaning at 3 weeks of age potentially allows a farrowing index of 2.5.
isolated farrowing program
sows are farrowed in isolation as a means of preventing the spread of enzootic diseases, especially atrophic rhinitis and enzootic pneumonia.
farrowing rate
the number of sows that farrow divided by the number mated.
References in periodicals archive ?
Removal of the partitions between the farrowing crates did not influence the suckling and active behaviors in piglets that were socialized in the farrowing room 14 days after birth (Table 2).
Under their "Piggles" logo, Viva will be campaigning against these methods this summer - particularly the farrowing crates in which sows spend up to 35 days at a time.
Another farmer shown a video of his sows with injuries apparently caused by farrowing crates said: "The sow has clearly been treated with an external medicine which, because of its colour, can make a sore appear worse than it is.
The bars in the farrowing crate usually prevent a large degree of piglet crushing (McGlone and Morrow-Tesch, 1990).
Loose housed sows during gestation are more stressed by confinement in farrowing crates than sows housed in stall during gestation (Boyle et al.
Pigs weaned per farrowing crate per yr The number of pigs weaned/yr divided by the average number of farrowing crates during the same time period.
In addition, sows in the farrowing crate had greater difficulties in lying down during the first day, and this damaging motion, i.
2009) reported that gilts housed in conventional gestating stalls and farrowing crates observed the significantly longest WEI than group housed gilts.
The mean temperature inside the farrowing crate from 10:00 am to 6:00 pm ranged from 26.
The video camera was positioned to provide a view of the entire farrowing crate.
Heating lamp was installed in each farrowing crate to maintain a constant temperature and the temperature of farrowing barn was kept at 28 [+ or -] 3[degrees]C during lactation.
They were i) sow stall in gestation followed by farrowing crate, ii) group housing with individual feeding in gestation followed by farrowing crate, iii) ESF (Electronic Sow Feeding) system in gestation followed by farrowing crate, and iv) ESF system followed by group farrowing pen.