These effects can include suicidal ideation, increased maternal mortality, somatisation, family disorganization
, economic deprivation, social isolation, depression, anxiety, and mental illness.
It was found during the study that some of the parents (10%) had disturbed relationship due to the birth of a mentally disabled child which ended in family disorganization and divorce.
Parents face social exclusion, work-family conflict, family disorganization and family displacement.
In The Bell Curve, Herrnstein and Murray predicted that politicians and intellectuals would eventually come to realize that a dull-witted underclass is biologically condemned to a subculture of crime, addiction, family disorganization
, child abuse, and unavailability for work.
Adelekan, Ndom and Imouokhome (1996) identified higher levels of drug use to be associated with parental use, family background, parental conflict, single parentage, family disorganization
, and social class and peer group.
was measured by four factors, such as, parental relation, parental dispute, cause of dispute, and parental separation.
In an article for Social Work, Seaton Manning (1960), the Executive Director of the Bay Area Urban League, concluded that among low-income African-Americans, "Personal and family disorganization
is common" (Manning, 1960, p.
Thomas, "Catholic Family Disorganization
," in Ernest Burgess and Donald J.
Efforts "to raise the educational and income levels of all Americans," he believes, "may ultimately do more to reverse our present patterns of family disorganization
and, by association, crime than will moral crusades.
As a group, the 30 homicidal adolescents were seen as coming from homes marked by family disorganization
, marital conflict, economic insecurity, and parental brutality.
Family crisis denotes family disorganization
and a demand for basic changes in the family patterns of functioning in order to restore stability, order, and a sense of coherence.
Instead, they say that a combination of drugs, family disorganization
, unemployment, poverty, racism, crime and powerlessness is the major problem in Black America.