In second section I discuss the main feature of Popper's methodology of falsificationism
and his claim of tolerant society.
Therefore I think that Bartley's version of critical rationalism is only a natural expansion or clarification of Popper's nonjustificational falsificationism
About the "poverty" of the Popperian falsificationism
see Barbagallo (1995), 55-60.
Popper's theory of falsificationism
was developed in order to
In an important sense, this position resembles both Kuhn's (1996) and that of sophisticated falsificationism
is a rejoinder to ambitions of verifiability: the notion that a scientific theory can ever be considered "confirmed.
The philosophical school originated in the works of the Austrian-English philosopher Karl Popper (1902-1994), namely critical rationalism or falsificationism
, states that scientific hypotheses or theories are characterized by being falsifiable, and that evolutionary theory would not be scientific since it is incapable of providing bold, risky predictions (Popper, 1985).
therefore requires that theories should be formulated clearly enough to run the risk of being refuted.
Widely held views about how academic criticism should be conducted, as set forth by willful proponents of skepticism, falsificationism
, or deconstructionism, are subtly at variance with the realities of spontaneous human inquiry as disclosed by sustained self-appropriation.
He clearly explains how science works, covering standard topics like deduction, induction, the role of observation and experiment, reductionism, and falsificationism
, as well as such cutting-edge and oft-neglected issues as Bayesian statistics, myths about science, and the limits of science.
The limitations of both naive inductivism and naive falsificationism
highlights the complexity of appraising theories.
Although remnants of the Pop perian view remain rightfully influential (in my opinion, these remnants would be his critical rationalism rather than his falsificationism
and, for the social sciences, his situational analysis), I would say that by the end of the decade the program had pretty much run out of steam.