factitious disorder


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factitious

 [fak-tish´us]
artificial; not natural.
factitious disorder a mental disorder characterized by repeated, knowing simulation of physical or psychological symptoms for no apparent purpose other than obtaining treatment. Unlike malingering there is no recognizable motive for feigning illness. It is subtyped on the basis of whether the predominant signs and symptoms are physical (munchausen syndrome), psychological, or both. See also ganser syndrome.
factitious disorder by proxy a form of factitious disorder in which one person (usually a mother) intentionally fabricates or induces signs and symptoms of one or more physical (munchausen syndrome by proxy) or psychological disorders in another person under their care (usually a child) and subjects that person to needless and sometimes dangerous or disfiguring diagnostic procedures or treatment, without any external incentives for the behavior existing.

fac·ti·tious dis·or·der

a mental disorder in which the patient intentionally produces symptoms of illness or feigns illness for psychological reasons rather than for environmental goals.

factitious disorder

[faktish′əs]
a DSM-IV diagnosis marked by disease symptoms caused by deliberate efforts of a person to gain attention. Such actions may be repeated, even when the individual is aware of the hazards involved. See also Münchausen's syndrome.
The repeated simulation of severe organic disease, leading to numerous medical and/or surgical consultations, hospitalisations and unnecessary operations. This pseudodisease affects individuals who create bizarre lesions or fabricate symptoms to enjoy the perceived benefits of hospitalisation, as well as the attention and sympathy of others
Statistics Male:female ratio, 1:2; 74% develop the condition by age 24; the average patient is diagnosed by age 32.

fac·ti·tious dis·or·der

(fak-tish'ŭs dis-ōr'dĕr)
A mental condition in which the patient intentionally induces symptoms of illness for psychological reasons.

Factitious disorder

A disorder in which the physical or psychological symptoms are under voluntary control.
Mentioned in: Munchausen Syndrome

fac·ti·tious dis·or·der

(fak-tish'ŭs dis-ōr'dĕr)
A mental condition in which the patient intentionally induces symptoms of illness for psychological reasons.
References in periodicals archive ?
Factitious disorders and pathological self-harm in a hospital population: an interdisciplinary challenge.
As we deal with the patient's diseases rather than the patient in this new age of highly advanced medicine, it is easy to overlook the person and therefore misdiagnose factitious disorder.
Factitious disorder in children and adolescents: a retrospective study.
A pediatric case of factitious disorder with unexplained bleeding symptoms.
Because malingering is a diagnosis of exclusion, it must first entail differential diagnosis with somatoform and factitious disorders.
Serial factitious disorder and Munchausen by proxy in pregnancy.
Patients with Munchausen's Syndrome, a factitious disorder,often have a history of childhood abuse, neglect or parents having psychiatric disorders.
The two-volume set covers 500 entries, ranging from abuse, caffeine-related disorders, clinical trials, factitious disorder, kleptomania, magnetic resonance imaging, obsession, pica, St.