Factitious disease | definition of factitious disease by Medical dictionary
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The repeated simulation of severe organic disease, leading to numerous medical and/or surgical consultations, hospitalisations and unnecessary operations. This pseudodisease affects individuals who create bizarre lesions or fabricate symptoms to enjoy the perceived benefits of hospitalisation, as well as the attention and sympathy of others
Statistics Male:female ratio, 1:2; 74% develop the condition by age 24; the average patient is diagnosed by age 32.
factitious disease Factitious disorder, illness Psychiatry Any of a number of self-produced lesions or biochemical changes seen in persons with neuroses to gratify various self-motivated needs–eg, sympathy and narcotics; these conditions share the same raison d'etre, differing only in the site of injury and agent used to produce the lesions. See Munchausen syndrome, Psychosomatic disorder, Self-mutilation.
References in periodicals archive
Therefore, as with many other factitious diseases
, physicians must use clinical evidence from multiple sources to establish a diagnosis of surreptitious laxative ingestion, rather than rely primarily on laboratory tests.
In most instances, these are not truly factitious disease
because the patient has no intention of inducing disease.