The surgeons recreated a 3D virtual model of the young man's facial skeleton
to be used as operative guide before, during and after surgery, thus allowing doctors to reconstruct and navigate smoothly and carefully.
The conventional procedure moves the facial skeleton
and overlying soft tissues all at once, while a newer procedure uses a technique called distraction osteogenesis to move the face over a period of weeks,
Contract award: delivery for fixation of bone implants in the facial skeleton
and researchers from North America, Europe, South America, and Singapore present 41 chapters that review current concepts of craniomaxillofacial trauma care and orthognathic surgery, including general aspects of bone, types and materials of implants, and principles of care, then the treatment of fractures in all areas of the craniomaxillofacial skeleton, with information on anatomy and definitions, imaging, approaches, techniques, treatment, and complications and pitfalls, as well as fixation techniques of standard osteotomies of the facial skeleton
Rhinoplasty on the congenitally malformed nose, such as that occurring in cleft lip or other syndromes affecting the facial skeleton
, is often the most challenging.
The facial skeleton
experiences morphologic change and an overall decrease in volume with increasing age," wrote the researchers.
Cranial characters include (1) wide nasal apertures (African), (2) narrow nasal apertures (Caucasoid), (3) wide interorbital distances (African), (4) no nasal sill (African), (5) pointed nasal spine (Caucasoid), (6) palate wide and often rectangular (African), (7) palate narrow and triangular (Caucasoid), (8) curved suture between the zygomatic and maxilla (Caucasoid), (9) edge-to-edge incisal occlusion (Asian), (10) slight overbite (Caucasoid), (11) anterior projecting zygomatics (Asian), (12) flattened facial skeleton
(Asian), (13) prognathous facial skeleton
(African), (14) circular orbits (Asian), (15) rectangular orbits (African) and (16) shovel-shaped incisors (Asian), (17) lighter and relatively smaller facial bones (Caucasoid), and (18) rounded calvaria (Asian).
The calvarial defects of eighteen patients and four facial skeleton
defects were repaired using custom made implants.
of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, US), miniplate osteosynthesis holds technical advantages over intermaxillary fixation for allowing bone healing of fractures of the facial skeleton
in that: plates are small and easily adapted, they are applied monocortically, the approach is intraoral, and the plates provide functional stability that is biomechanically balanced.
Previously, neurosurgeons would have had to split the facial skeleton
or peel back the scalp and remove the skull on the forehead to complete the same operation.
A total of 180 patients had fractures of the facial skeleton
He found more than 25 internal and external injuries, including broken ribs, cuts up to 8in, bruises more than 19in long, a broken facial skeleton
and blood in her airpipes.