extrathyroidal

extrathyroidal

/ex·tra·thy·roi·dal/ (-thi-roid´'l) outside or not involving the thyroid gland.
References in periodicals archive ?
Results: The familial group had a significantly higher risk of bilateral growth, multifocality, extrathyroidal extension, and lateral lymph node metastasis than the sporadic group (P < 0.
Thyroid eye disease (TED) is the most common extrathyroidal manifestation of Graves' disease affecting up to 60% of patients.
Sodium iodide symporter (NIS) in extrathyroidal malignancies: focus on breast and urological cancer.
For this issue, Sahli and Gunduz present a comprehensive review examining the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, and current therapeutic approaches to thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy, the most common extrathyroidal manifestation of Graves' disease.
However, additional research is required to examine the influences of phthalates on extrathyroidal regulation of thyroid hormone production in humans, particularly in tissues relevant to pregnancy (e.
However, in this study, we concentrated on extrathyroidal neck masses.
Extrathyroidal invasions most commonly affect strap muscles, recurrent laryngeal nerves, trachea, esophagus and neck vessels2.
Higher serum TSH in thyroid cancer patients occurs independent of age and correlates with extrathyroidal extension.
Among the 13 articles, a total of nine factors were evaluated for their association with lymph node metastasis: sex, age, tumor size, multifocality, thyroid capsular invasion, lymphovascular invasion, extrathyroidal extension, nonincidental diagnosis, and the location of the primary tumor (table 1).
Traditionally, older age, male sex, tumor size, tumor multifocality, vascular invasion, extrathyroidal invasion, and lymph node metastasis have all been linked to the high-risk behavior.
Macroscopic extrathyroidal extensions were evident in four of the HT patients (4/5, 80%) (Figure 4) and three of the non-HT patients (3/6, 50%).
Extrathyroidal effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin on thyroid hormone turnover in male Sprague-Dawley rats.