A case series (15) in 2001 found TTF-1 positivity in 42% (21 of 50) of extrapulmonary
SmCC cases, including 2 bladder primaries.
20) Unlike most extrapulmonary
cases, most head and neck inflammatory pseudotumors have been reported in elderly patients; they are rare in the pediatric population.
It is postulated that under favourable conditions extrapulmonary
dissemination can occur via the lymphatic and haematogenous routes.
Therefore, this study will determine whether all extrapulmonary
arterial vessels, including the trunk and the right and left main arteries, are equally susceptible to the development of stiffening in response to chronic hypoxia.
Table 1 describes the analysis of pulmonary tuberculosis cases and Table-2 describes the analysis of extrapulmonary
(Lymphnode, CNS, Genitourinary, Abdominal and Osteoarticular) cases by indirect and sandwich ELISA using ES-31 antigen and affinity purified anti ES-31 antibody.
It is likely that the incidence of female genital tuberculosis will increase, especially as the proportion of extrapulmonary
TB rises in line with the HIV epidemic, which causes latent infections to become more active.
PCR is widely used in clinical laboratories to diagnose pulmonary, extrapulmonary
, and disseminated tuberculosis.
pneumoniae have been isolated from a variety of extrapulmonary
sites, including joints and cerebrospinal fluid, almost exclusively following a respiratory tract infection.
Bacteriological and histopathological studies were of fundamental importance in diagnosing patients with extrapulmonary
Executive Summary Strategic Considerations Introduction Epidemiology Diagnosed Incident Cases Brazil China India Russia South Africa Developed Countries HIV-Associated Cases Extrapulmonary
TB Cases Medical Practice Drug Resistance Drug Toxicity Appendix A: Bibliography
NTM are ubiquitous environmental microorganisms that cause chronic pulmonary and extrapulmonary
infection in patients with inflammatory diseases (2).
The main focus lies in the examination of selected organs for possible extrapulmonary