Outside or independent of, the prostate.
References in periodicals archive ?
The predictive value of endorectal 3 Tesla multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging for extraprostatic extension in patients with low, intermediate and high risk prostate cancer.
5 cm - showing irregular contours with extraprostatic extension.
16) Intraductal carcinoma of the prostate is associated with adverse pathologic findings, including high Gleason score (grade group), a high volume of primary (invasive) tumor in the prostate, and a greater likelihood of extraprostatic extension.
Pathologic examination of the specimens revealed a 76 g prostate with bilateral, Gleason 4+3 pT3a disease with extraprostatic extension, involving 58% of examined slides.
Perineural invasion as a predictor of extraprostatic extension of prostate cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis," Scandinavian Journal of Urology, vol.
SDC2 overexpression in prostate cancer was significantly associated with the established features indicative of worse prognosis, such as a higher preoperative PSA value, a higher Gleason score, positive surgical margins and the extraprostatic extension.
Any proportion of ductal adenocarcinoma in radical prostatectomy specimens predicts extraprostatic extension.
Several studies investigated the role of prostate cancer antigen 3 (PCA3) in the insignificant cancer diagnosis and some of them demonstrated a significant correlation between PCA3 score and tumor volume [123,124], extraprostatic extension [125], and Gleason score [8].
For example, oral administration of modified citrus pectin inhibited the spontaneous extraprostatic colonization of injected cells from a prostate cancer cell line and in a dose-dependent fashion.
The tumor type, Gleason score, tertiary pattern, perineural invasion, extraprostatic extension, seminal vesicle invasion, surgical margin, lymph nodes, pathological stage, vascular invasion, tumor location, non-neoplastic prostate tissue, high-grade PIN and tumor volume were investigated and reported.
Association of cigarette smoking with extraprostatic prostate cancer in young men.