Risk factors for metastasis include age of patient at diagnosis, laterality of tumour, genetics, high intra-ocular pressure, histopathology and extraocular
extension of tumour.
The scan revealed a left medial blow-out fracture through the anterior lamina papyracea with no extraocular
However, a mutation in the KIF21A gene, which was identified in congenital fibrosis of extraocular
muscles type 1, has been reported in cases of MS accompanied by additional eye movement disorder (3).
20 mm in diameter) gently inserted into the extraocular
acupuncture muscle points (the surface projections of the extraocular
muscles) coordinated with Tongziliao (GB1), Jingming (BL1), and Cuanzhu (BL2) points as well.
Atypical botulism sparing palsy of extraocular
Axial and coronal MDCT scanning of the orbits is a simple, fast and noninvasive method, which provides a wide spectrum of information about extraocular
muscles and retrobulbar space in general (13).
Congenital fibrosis of extraocular
muscle can cause to strabismus (Wei et al, 2005).
Ocular over-elevation in adduction in craniosynostosis: is it the result of excyclo-rotation of the extraocular
The treatment options for proptosis are enucleation, evisceration or replacement with tarsorrhaphy depending on viability of extraocular
tissues and eye (Slatter, 2008).
Orbital myositis (OM) is an autoimmune disorder that is characterized by the inflammation of extraocular
Malignant melanoma of the conjunctiva is an extremely rare extraocular
Table 1: Extraocular
examination of left eye Extraocular
muscle Function Movement of left eye Medial rectus Adduction Absent Superior rectus Elevator in abduction Absent Inferior rectus Depressor in abduction Absent Inferior oblique Elevator in adduction Absent Superior oblique Depressor in adduction Present but not full Lateral rectus Abduction Absent