extracranial-intracranial bypass

ex·tra··cra·ni·al-in·tra·cra·ni·al by·pass

a vascular shunt created by the anastomosis of an extracranial vessel to an intracranial vessel; usually, the superficial temporal artery to a cortical branch of the middle cerebral artery.
References in periodicals archive ?
Outcome in adult patients with hemorrhagic moyamoya disease after combined extracranial-intracranial bypass.
Extracranial-intracranial bypass to reduce the risk of ischemic stroke in intracranial aneurysms of the anterior cerebral circulation: a systematic.
Emergency extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery for acute ischemic stroke.
Urgent Extracranial-Intracranial Bypass in the Treatment of Acute Hemodynamic Ischemic Stroke: Case Report.
She was medically discharged from the Army and underwent extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery to reduce the risk of stroke recurrence by improving the flow of blood to the blocked artery with revascularization.
Neurosurgeons from Asia, North America, and Europe address diagnosis, definitions, classifications, symptomatology, imaging, genetics, clinical assessment, epidemiology, neuropsychological considerations, the implications of cortical microvasculature, and treatment options, including medical management of childhood disease, endovascular therapy, indirect and direct revascularization procedures, multiple extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery, and direct and indirect bypass procedures for posterior circulation, as well as anesthetic and perioperative management and the long-term results of patients in California, Japan, and Korea.
Extracranial-intracranial bypass is not recommended for treatment of symptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis.
However, how can we ensure that the safety and effectiveness of procedures such as extracranial-intracranial bypass, carotid endarterectomy, laparascopic cholecystectomy, and high-dose chemotherapy-autologous bone marrow transplantation have been established before widespread diffusion occurs?
Such as, if it is MMD, extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery is the best choice, and if it is dissection, the interventional vascular therapy is the best option, while for vasculitis or atherosclerosis, we chose medicines for treatment firstly.
Long-term follow-up study after extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery for anterior circulation ischemia in childhood moyamoya disease.
Clinical outcome of standard extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery in patients with symptomatic atherosclerotic occlusion of the internal carotid artery.

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