extrachromosomal


Also found in: Dictionary.
Related to extrachromosomal: extrachromosomal inheritance

ex·tra·chro·mo·som·al

(eks'tră-krō'mō-sōm'ăl),
Outside or separated from, a chromosome; especially DNA separated from a chromosome.

extrachromosomal

/ex·tra·chro·mo·so·mal/ (-kro″mo-sōm´al) outside or not involving the chromosome; as in mitochondrial inheritance, which involves only mitochondrial DNA.

extrachromosomal

(ĕk′strə-krō′mə-sō′məl)
adj.
Occurring or operating outside the chromosomes.

extrachromosomal

[-krō′məsō′məl]
occurring without direct involvement of the chromosomes. See epigenesis.
References in periodicals archive ?
We used UV irradiation to integrate extrachromosomal transgenes into a chromosome.
Clustered regularly interspaced short palindrome repeats (CRISPRs) have spacers of extrachromosomal origin.
WRN controls formation of extrachromosomal telomeric circles and is required for TRF2AB-mediated telomere shortening.
Most Bt isolates have several extrachromosomal elements, some of them circular and others linear (Carlson et al.
2007) Bacterial proteins and CpG-rich extrachromosomal DNA in potential cancer therapy.
During the early phases of infection, the copy number of viral genome is between 50 and 100, and the viral genome exists as extrachromosomal plasmid or episomal form that replicates as the host cell chromosomes replicate.
SXT excises from the chromosome to form a circular but non-replicative extrachromosomal molecule that is required for its transfer.
Relation between the presence of extrachromosomal DNA and virulence features in Salmonella enterica strains.
Tracking of microinjected DNA in live cells reveals the intracellular behavior and elimination of extrachromosomal genetic material.
After an overview of the role of sex chromosomes in evolution and human diseases, research chapters cover topics such as the role of extrachromosomal elements in human leukemia cells, and alternative splicing transcripts affected by junction tandem repeats in the human genome.
Resistant bacteria are also shed in faeces, where they can share extrachromosomal antibiotic resistance plasmids (R-plasmids) with native bacteria and may also be disseminated to other animals.
coli) as a factory to produce large amounts of virtually any DNA of interest by inserting it into a small, extrachromosomal circle of DNA called a plasmid.

Full browser ?