Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and x-ray studies in 2004 were interpreted as pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) involving the right hip with extraarticular
extension into the pelvis (Figure 1).
3], whereas patient RA2 (female, age 58 years, disease duration of 8 months) had no extraarticular
organ involvement (DAS28 4.
The efficacy of plasmapheresis or leukocytapheresis for articular and extraarticular
manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis.
1) The clinical signs of the disease can range from mild stiffness to a totally fused spine and may include any combination of severe bilateral hip involvement, peripheral arthritis, or extraarticular
He had no history of peripheral joint involvement, uveitis, other extraarticular
features, or trauma.
involvement may involve the skin, the eye, the larynx, and the pulmonary, cardiovascular, hematologic, renal, neurologic, and lymphatic systems.
Renal dysfunction in the RA population has been attributed to extraarticular
manifestations, NSAID use, and chronic inflammation.
Eosinophilia is frequently observed in a subgroup of patients with RA who exhibit extraarticular
disease manifestations like subcutaneous nodules, vasculitis, pleural/pericardial involvement, or pulmonary fibrosis.
Impingement can be extraarticular
between the greater trochanter and the pelvis.
Although rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is primarily an articular disease, it also has myriad extraarticular
manifestations, some of which are associated with increased morbidity and mortality.
manifestations in Turkish patients with rheumatoid arthritis: impact of EAMs on the health-related quality of life in terms of disease activity, functional status, severity of pain, and social and emotional functioning.
Malunion should be categorized as either extraarticular
or intra-articular, because treatment may differ.