extra-articular

extra-articular

 [ek″strah-ahr-tik´u-ler]
situated or occurring outside a joint.

extra-articular

(ĕks″tră-ăr-tĭk′ū-lăr) [″ + articulus, joint]
Outside a joint.

extra-articular

Outside a joint.

extra-articular

situated or occurring outside a joint.
References in periodicals archive ?
It includes recommendations on the management of patients with active PsA that is defined by the patients' self-report and judged by the examining clinician to be caused by PsA, based on the on the presence of at least one of the following: actively inflamed joints; dactylitis; enthesitis; axial disease; active skin and/or nail involvement; and/ or extra-articular manifestations such as uveitis or inflammatory bowel disease.
Pre-existing intra-articular joint pathology, joint stress leading to mucioid degeneration of adjacent extra-articular connective tissue, and joint stress stimulating mucin secretion by mesenchymal cells are the most commonly warranted theories within the literature.
Some extra-articular manifestations are also observed in AS such as neurological involvement [1] and heart diseases.
15 ERA patients had articular damage and 2 patients had extra-articular damage at a median duration of disease of 5 years.
3) Inflammatory bowel disease is an extra-articular manifestation in rheumatic diseases such as spondyloarthropathies, but only a few cases on concurrent AOSD and IBD, mainly CD, have been reported.
The earlier nomenclature Colle, Smith, Barton lead to a broader term Distal Radial Fractures DRF covers all intra and extra-articular varieties.
The extra-articular manifestations and co-morbidities along with RA lead to increased mortality2.
The investigators stated that extra-articular fractures can be treated without additional surgery, and that intra-articular fractures should be treated surgically to prevent posttraumatic arthritis.
The synovial membrane of the joints is the main target of damage, but patients can also have involvement of extra-articular tissues such as eyes, skin, lungs, heart, and peripheral nerves.
In the third scenario, if an extra-articular valgus deformity exists in the tibia, an additional extra-articular correction osteotomy may be needed besides a traditional TKA, no matter whether it is performed in one stage or two stages.
SUMMARY--The aim of the study was to assess the influence of gap shape on biomechanical results in extra-articular distal humeral fracture: with contact on the posterior part (by anterior gap) and contact on ulnar column (by radial gap).