coronary artery bypass graftings in patients with porcelain aorta.
The Exhale(R) system used in airway bypass reduces the disabling hyperinflation in patients with emphysema by creating extra-anatomic
passages that allow air to pass from hyper-inflated areas of the lungs directly into larger airways and, ultimately, out of the body.
This operation should be considered as an alternative extra-anatomic
reconstructive procedure in patients with the appropriate anatomy and who are not candidates for more standard types of vascular reconstruction.
7) Therefore, the authors of recently published treatment algorithms advocate endovascular therapy as a temporizing measure to stabilize the patient until the surgeon can perform a further workup to determine the risk of a cerebrovascular accident after occlusion or the need for an extra-anatomic
The SMA was ligated and revascularized distally with an extra-anatomic