desensitization

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desensitization

 [de-sen″sĭ-tĭ-za´shun]
1. the prevention or reduction of immediate hypersensitivity by administration of graded doses of allergen; see also immunotherapy. Called also hyposensitization.
2. in behavior therapy, the treatment of phobias and related disorders by intentionally exposing the patient, in imagination or in real life, to a hierarchy of emotionally distressing stimuli.

de·sen·si·tiz·a·tion

(dē-sen'si-ti-zā'shŭn),
1. The reduction or abolition of allergic sensitivity or reactions to the specific antigen (allergen). Synonym(s): antianaphylaxis
2. The act of removing an emotional complex.
Synonym(s): hyposensitization

desensitization

/de·sen·si·ti·za·tion/ (de-sen″sĭ-tĭ-za´shun)
1. the prevention or reduction of immediate hypersensitivity reactions by administration of graded doses of allergen.
2. treatment of phobias and related disorders by intentionally exposing the patient, in imagination or in real life, to a hierarchy of emotionally distressing stimuli.

desensitization

de·sen·si·tiz·a·tion

(dē-sen'si-tī-zā'shŭn)
1. The reduction or abolition of allergic sensitivity or reactions to the specific antigen (allergen).
Synonym(s): antianaphylaxis, desensitisation.
2. The act of removing an emotional complex.

desensitization

1. A method of treating allergy by injecting very small, but gradually increasing, doses of the substance to which the affected person is allergic.
2. A form of BEHAVIOUR THERAPY.

Desensitization

A treatment for phobias which involves exposing the phobic person to the feared situation. It is often used in conjunction with relaxation techniques.
Mentioned in: Agoraphobia, Neuralgia

desensitization

(1) in psychology, a form of behaviour therapy in which an anxiety-provoking stimulus is repeatedly paired with a relaxation response, either in the imagination or in real life (the latter known as in vivo desensitization) in order to eventually eliminate the anxiety response and replace it with the relaxation response. In systematic desensitization a hierarchy of increasingly anxiety-provoking stimuli is established and each stimulus is paired with the relaxation response in turn, beginning with the least feared and working towards the most feared. Also known as reciprocal inhibition therapy; (2) in medical practice, treatment of a hypersensitive response to an allergen, by deliberate exposure to a very small, and then a gradually increasing, dose; (3) with reference to repeated dose of a drug, a progressive decline in its effect.

desensitization,

n removing or neutralizing the allergenic propensity by introducing the patient to serially increasing doses of the offensive material. This allows the immune system to endure the allergen without an allergic response. Used in conventional medicine, and a parallel procedure is used in some homeopathic therapies, such as isopathy. See also isopathy.

de·sen·si·tiz·a·tion

(dē-sen'si-tī-zā'shŭn)
1. The reduction or abolition of allergic sensitivity or reactions to the specific antigen (allergen).
Synonym(s): desensitisation.
2. The act of removing an emotional complex.

desensitization (dēsen´sitizā´shən),

n 1. a condition of insusceptibility to infection or an allergen; established in experimental animals by the injection of an antigen that produces sensitization or an anaphylactic reaction. After recovery, a second injection of the antigen is made, bringing about no reaction and thus producing desensitization.
n 2. a reduction in dentin hypersensitivity by the addition of medicaments to the exposed dentin surface.
desensitization, psychologic,
n the deliberate exposure of an individual to imagined or actual emotionally stressful experiences to treat phobias and other related conditions.

desensitization

the prevention or reduction of immediate hypersensitivity reactions mediated by IgE by the administration of graded doses of allergen; hyposensitization. See also immunotherapy.

extinction desensitization