but beyond the realm of empirical reality an exteroceptive
C(W) represents the exteroceptive
Avoidance conditioning with brief shock and no exteroceptive
context in taste-aversion conditioning and extinction: Odour, cage, and bottle stimuli.
contextual cues, along with target behaviors in the drug-taking sequence, are conceptualized as Pavlovian CSs (see Siegel & Ramos, 2002).
Again, the response rate discrepancy observed during the first phase was maintained during the second one such that during the multiple FI FI schedule, higher rates occurred in the presence of the exteroceptive
stimuli that was previously correlated to the FR schedule than in the presence of the stimulus previously correlated to the DRL schedule (see also Okouchi, 2003a, 2003b; Okouchi & Lattal, 2006).
This may be one important distinction between exteroceptive
stimulus control and interoceptive stimulus control produced by drug states.
These data are consistent with results of similar investigations involving exteroceptive
In contrast, change in response frequency in a chained schedule can be equally attributed to component transition and change in the exteroceptive
One of the first demonstrations of this dates back to work of Estes and Skinner (1941) who found that an exteroceptive
CS, previously paired with a noxious US (foot-shock), suppressed the rate of operant food-reinforced responding (i.
DeGrandpre, Bickel, and Higgins (1992) used a nonautomated procedure to assess the establishment of equivalence relations between interoceptive drug stimuli and exteroceptive
The basis of the discrimination in the present experiment were presumably the exteroceptive
stimulus changes provided by the experimenter.