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Related to external motivation: internal motivation


In psychology, the aggregate of all the individual motives, needs, and drives operative in a person at any given moment that influence the will and cause a given behavior.
[ML. motivus, moving]


Etymology: L, movere, to move
conscious or unconscious needs, interests, rewards, or other incentives that arouse, channel, or maintain a particular behavior.


a nursing outcome from the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) defined as the inner urge that moves or prompts an individual to positive action(s). See also Nursing Outcomes Classification.


Vox populi The drive to perform a task. See Neuromuscular motivation, Positive motivation.


Psychological force that moves a person to act to meet a need or achieve a goal.
See also: motive
[ML. motivus, moving]


the internal state of an animal prior to a specific behavioural act.


the internal and external drives and forces that energize, direct and regulate behaviour. Motivation is often conceptualized in terms of direction (the behavioural goal) and intensity (the level of motivation from low to high). Extrinsic motivation motivation directed towards the attainment of rewards that are separable from a behaviour or activity itself. For example, an athlete who engages in sport just to win medals would be extrinsically motivated. intrinsic motivation motivation driven by the pleasure and satisfaction inherent in engaging in a behaviour or activity. For example, an athlete who engages in sport purely for fun and enjoyment would be intrinsically motivated.


Aggregate of all individual motives, needs, and drives operative in a person at any given moment that influence the will and cause a given behavior.
[ML. motivus, moving]


n the stimulus, incentive, or inducement to act or react in a certain way. Purposeful behavior is motivated behavior, which means that either physiologic or social stimuli activate or motivate a person to do something.
motivation, external,
n incentive that accrues as a result of influence from outside sources; inducement to act or change based on the expectations and examples of other people.
motivation, internal,
n incentive that accrues from within an individual; inducement to act or change based on an inherent or intrinsic desire.


see drive.

Patient discussion about motivation

Q. How do you motivate yourself to exercise? I have a problem- I can easily get myself to go to work and other strenuous things, but when I need to get myself out for some exercise, which is only for me, I don’t find the energy for that. Does anyone have any tips how to encourage myself?

A. Try to change to an exercise you enjoy. You can also exercise with a friend, and the commitment to him may give you another push. Another option is to join a regular exercise program in a gym. Good luck!

Q. How to get my motivation back? Hi, I’m 22 years old girl, and since high school I’m 132 pounds stretched over 5’2’’. About two years ago, when I started college I gained another 20 pounds, that made me understand I’m overweight, and then I started a diet – mainly thinking before I eat something. I already lost those extra pounds, an I wish to lose another 10 pounds, but I feel I lost my motivation to restrict myself. Suddenly I find myself eating way too much, which makes me down, which makes me eat again… Any advice?

A. If you feel a craving for food, you can try to go to sleep – it helps me.
Good luck!

Q. What benefits have you recieved from nutrition and fitness What step did you take to begin and stay motivated perticularly if you were depressed and/or addicted

A. Today, after working in the gym for more than a year, I feel much better, I have a anew interest that challenges me and sets goals for me every time, and also let me find new people with this common interest. Of course, I look much better now, and it really improves my feeling and general well being.

If you suffer from depression or addiction, exercise may help you, although consulting a professional, as before starting any exercise program may be necessary.

Take care,

More discussions about motivation
References in periodicals archive ?
Kurita and Kusumi (2009) conducted a study to examine the impact of internal and external motivation to respond without prejudice on implicit (not overtly expressed) and explicit (express externally) attitudes toward people with disabilities among 140 Japanese undergraduate students.
The Internal and External Motivation to Respond without Prejudice toward People with Disabilities Scale (IMS/EMS; Pruett & Chan, 2006).
In addition, men were characterized along the following psychosocial states: conceptions of masculinity, gay or bisexual identity, and external motivations for working out.
For the regression explaining body dissatisfaction, we entered only two blocks based on the bivariate analyses: (1) age in Block 1 and (2) External Motivations for Working Out in Block 2.
In essence, there is no external motivation to do well on this achievement test.
This subset of Self-Determination Theory suggests that an alternative function of perceived relatedness, beyond sustaining IM, is to facilitate the internalization (or "integration") of external motivations (Deci & Ryan, 1985).
were significantly more likely to report age-appropriate restraint use, while external motivations (for example: "Others would be upset with me.
In True North: Discover Your Authentic Leadership, Bill George explains, "For leaders with a high-achievement orientation, external motivations and positive validation by the outside world are a natural consequence.
Waitley has identified four types of external motivations.
The need may arise from external motivations (such as a Department of Defense contract requirement) or internal motivations--such as the goals of enhanced profitability, reduced costs, and improved delivery times.
First, while cooperation-enhancing mechanisms such as monitoring and enforcement clearly affect external motivations for cooperation, the study revealed that the use of monitoring and punishment also affects internal motivations for cooperation.
Increasing external motivations, such as rewards, may actually decrease helping behavior in the long run.