external fixation


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Related to external fixation: internal fixation

ex·ter·nal fix·a·tion

fixation of fractured bones by splints, plastic dressings, or transfixion pins.

external fixation

a method of holding together the fragments of a fractured bone by using transfixing metal pins through the fragments and a compression device attached to the pins outside the skin surface. Nursing care includes regular cleansing of the skin around the pins and, in certain cases, application of antibiotic solutions or ointments. The pins are removed in a later procedure when the fracture is healed. Compare internal fixation.
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External fixation

external fixation

Orthopedics Open reduction, stabilization and use of external fixators to manage fracture bone fragments Indications Open fracture with massive soft tissue damage; instant fixation in polytrauma; fractures with deficient bone stock, infection IF devices Fracture fixation, radius, tibia, pelvis, bone lengthening, Ilizarov device Complications Pin loosening and/or infection. Cf Internal fixation.

ex·ter·nal fix·a·tion

(eks-tĕr'năl fik-sā'shŭn)
Fixation of fractured bones by splints, plastic dressings, or transfixion pins.
References in periodicals archive ?
In our study, 34 patients who underwent internal fixation and 34 patients who underwent External fixation were included.
As previously discussed with multiply-injured patients, early external fixation with all but stable patients is standard.
20 Two studies report the efficacy of external fixation to be 20% and 31%.
Grade II and III type of compound Pilon fractures were treated with debridement and stabilised with external fixation with unilateral external fixators or Ilizarov in all these cases with stabilisation of fibular fracture wherever necessary.
27, 28) In biomechanical studies, anterior external fixation was equivalent to anterior plating in resisting external rotation but less effective at resisting vertical displacement, and there may be more concern for loss of reduction when treating definitively with an external fixator.
The pelvic INFIX was developed for indications where anterior external fixation is commonly used [11].
One study17 on external fixation over the tibia presented average time to partial weight- bearing walking as 36 days and to full weight-bearing as 65 days.
Bladder exstrophy correction, bilateral pelvic osteotomy, external fixation, epispadias correction, and orchidopexy were performed.
Maggot infestation (myiasis) of external fixation pin sites in diabetic patients.
The above premises were necessary to present book "Fissatori Esterni E Riabilitazione-Concetti integrati tra chirurgia e trattamento" whose authors take the reader by the hand through the fascinating world of external fixation as well as trauma surgery, distraction osteogenics and specific rehabilitation of those injured areas where fixation is required.