exstrophy


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exstrophy

 [ek´stro-fe]
the turning inside out of an organ, such as the urinary bladder.
exstrophy of the bladder congenital absence of a portion of the abdominal wall and bladder wall, the bladder appearing to be turned inside out, with the internal surface of its posterior wall showing through the opening in the anterior wall.
exstrophy of cloaca (cloacal exstrophy) a developmental anomaly in which two segments of bladder (hemibladders) are separated by an area of intestine with a mucosal surface, resembling a large red tumor in the midline of the lower abdomen.

ex·stro·phy

(ek'strō-fē), Avoid the misspelling extrophy.
Congenital eversion of a hollow organ.
Synonym(s): ecstrophe
[G. ex, out, + strophē, a turning]

exstrophy

/ex·stro·phy/ (ek´stro-fe) the turning inside out of an organ.
exstrophy of the bladder  congenital absence of a portion of the lower anterior abdominal wall and the anterior bladder wall, with eversion of the posterior bladder wall through the defect, an open pubic arch, and widely separated ischia connected by a fibrous band.
exstrophy of cloaca , cloacal exstrophy a developmental anomaly in which two hemibladders are separated by an area of intestine with a mucosal surface, resembling a large red tumor in the midline of the lower abdomen.

exstrophy

[ek′strōfē]
Etymology: Gk, ekstrephein, to turn inside out
a congenital malformation in which a hollow organ has its wall turned inside-out, establishing a communication with the exterior. An example is exstrophy of the bladder with eversion of the posterior bladder wall, which causes urine to drain to the exterior.
enlarge picture
Exstrophy of the bladder

ex·stro·phy

(eks'trŏ-fē)
Congenital eversion of a hollow organ.
[G. ex, out, + strophē, a turning]

Exstrophy

Being turned inside out combined with being outside the body.

exstrophy

the turning inside out of an organ.

bladder exstrophy
congenital absence of a portion of the abdominal wall and bladder wall, the bladder appearing to be turned inside out, with the internal surface of the posterior wall showing through the opening in the anterior wall.
cloaca exstrophy
a developmental anomaly in which two segments of bladder (hemibladders) are separated by an area of intestine with a mucosal surface, which appears as a large red tumor in the midline of the lower abdomen.
References in periodicals archive ?
Omphalocele: Some abdominal organs, covered by a thin membrane, protrude through abdominal muscles Exstrophy of the cloaca: Bladder is open in half; rectum communicates with the bladder Imperforate anus: Anus has not been formed or perforated and colon communicates with bladder Spinal defects: Babies with cloacal exstrophy may have varying degrees of a spinal defect called spina bifida
There is a 40% incidence of coexistant anatomical abnormalities: choledochocele, annular pancreas, double diverticula, intestinal malrotation, imperforate anus, Hirschsprung's disease, congenital heart diseases, omphalocele, hypoplastic kidneys, bladder exstrophy, situs inversus, Ladd's bands, portal vein anomalies, polysplenia and Down syndrome (6,7).
The baby, born on November 12, is suffering from a rare congenital disorder called cloacal exstrophy in which innerabdominal structures are exposed.
Midwives at Glasgow's Princess Royal Maternity Unit discovered baby Emily had a rare condition called bladder exstrophy, which meant her bladder was on the outside of her tiny body.
Joella was born with cloacal exstrophy - a condition that affects one in 150,000 babies.
Three-dimensional images capture herniated loops of the small and large intestine associated with gastroschisis, enabling the physician to differentiate gastroschisis from other abnormalities such as bladder exstrophy.
The press conference to be held at Norwegian American Hospital regarding Lawrence Baile, the boy born with exstrophy of the bladder, has been rescheduled for today, Sept.
However, this process may be upset by a variety of reasons, including disabilities such as spina bifida or bladder exstrophy (a congenital condition causing the bladder to be turned inside out).
61) Notably, patients with congenital bladder dysfunction due to neurologic abnormalities, exstrophy, and posterior urethral valves who are treated with intermittent catheterization, whether or not they undergo augmentation, have an increased risk of TCC compared to the general population (3- to 4-fold).
Bladder was seen normally situated excluding a bladder exstrophy.
Many other associations have been found with pentalogy of Cantrell, which include the following: Amniotic band syndrome with limb anomalies, structural cardiac defects with pericardial effusion, exencephaly, cystic hygroma, infraumbilical defects with cloacal and bladder exstrophy, and bilateral inguinal hernias.