exposure therapy


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Related to exposure therapy: Virtual reality exposure therapy

systematic desensitisation

Psychology
A type of behavioural intervention for managing phobic disorders, in which the therapist has a client focus on his or her worst fear or aversion, while encouraging him or her to relax. The repeated cycling of tension and relaxation is meant to desensitise the client to the stressful stimulus, and can also be used for anticipatory side effects (e.g., nausea associated with chemotherapy). A common format of systematic desensitisation consists of muscle relaxation coupled with visualising each of a hierarchy of anxiety-provoking stimuli, ranging from the least to most unpleasant.

exposure therapy

Systematic desensitization, see there.

exposure therapy

A form of cognitive behavioral therapy for treating symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, in which the patient identifies the emotional, cognitive, and physiological responses to a fearful event in an attempt to gain psychological control over them. The goal is to reduce the vulnerability of the patient to his or her memories of a fearful event; to help a victim cope with the anxiety, fear, guilt, or humiliation that the original exposure produced; and to prevent those feelings from being triggered in the patient by new exposures that revive painful memories.
References in periodicals archive ?
6 session of trauma-focused exposure therapy versus 6 sessions of relaxation training).
A comparison of exposure therapy, stress inoculation training, and their combination for reducing posttraumatic stress disorder in female assault victims.
Virtual environments and simulated experiences are tools used by mental health professionals in exposure therapy to reduce phobic anxiety.
DCS has been shown to facilitate exposure therapy in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, and social phobia, whereas adding "traditional medications" such as alprazolam, imipramine, and fluvoxamine to exposure therapy has shown no advantage over cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) alone for these anxiety disorders, according to Dr.
It is unknown whether a combination of exposure therapy and medication for PTSD would enhance outcomes.
Likewise, exposure therapy is effective because it encourages patients to reprocess the trauma in a controlled, supportive environment that often links negative traumatic experiences with pleasant thoughts and ideas - especially when reciprocal inhibition or desensitization techniques are used.
The class is a real-life example of a treatment called exposure therapy that allows individuals to have gradual exposure to the target of their fear, in this case, roller coasters," Dr.
Virtually Better's Virtual Iraq provides exposure therapy for anxiety disorders resulting from extended exposure the high-stress environment soldiers face during their service there.
Virtual reality applications in the healthcare industry are associated with many leading areas of medical technology innovation including robot-assisted surgery, augmented reality (AR) surgery, computer-assisted surgery (CAS), image-guided surgery (IGS), surgical navigation, multi-modality image fusion, medical imaging 3D/4D reconstruction, pre-operative surgical planning, virtual colonoscopy, virtual surgical simulation, virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET), and VR physical rehabilitation and motor skills training.
Previous studies have shown that a type of psychological treatment called exposure therapy - where the patient repeatedly recalls the traumatic experience or is repeatedly exposed to situations that are safe but still trigger their traumatic feelings - can be effective in relieving stress responses in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other anxious conditions.
With funding from the Naval Research Office, Virtually Better designed "Virtual Iraq" to support exposure therapy of anxiety disorders resulting from the high-stress environment.
Interventions such as exposure therapy, cognitive processing therapy, and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing can help PTSD sufferers direct their thoughts away from traumatic events, often with durable results, said Terence M.