exencephaly


Also found in: Wikipedia.

ex·en·ceph·a·ly

(eks'en-sef'ă-lē),
Condition in which the cranium is defective with the brain exposed or extruding.
Synonym(s): exencephalia
[G. ex, out, + enkephalos, brain]

exencephaly

[ek′sənsef′əlē]
Etymology: L, ex, out + Gk, enkephalos, brain
a developmental anomaly characterized by lack of all or part of the skull, so that the brain is exposed.

ex·en·ceph·a·ly

(eks'en-sef'ă-lē)
Condition in which the neurocranium is defective with the brain exposed or extruding from it.
[G. ex, out, + enkephalos, brain]

exencephaly

a congenital defect in which the brain is completely exposed or protrudes through a defect in the cranial vault.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The baby has exencephaly a disorder that means the brain forms outside the skull.
Daniel Thompson and Georgina Wills are already making funeral arrangements for their third child after they discovered the baby was suffering from a rare condition called Exencephaly.
Exencephaly, Omphalocoel, hygroma and limb abnormalities were recorded.
The morphological observations of fetuses showed anomalies like open eye lid, distorted body axis, kyphosis, skin hemorrhage, drooping wrist, microphthalmia, low set arm, kinky tail, exencephaly anophthalmia, maxillary macrognathia, microcephaly, clubbed foot and microtia.
Powis, "The absence of mitochondrial thioredoxin 2 causes massive apoptosis, exencephaly, and early embryonic lethality in homozygous mice," Molecular and Cellular Biology, vol.
Exencephaly is a rare malformation of the cranium that is characterized by the absence of the skull, the cranial cavity, and the scalp with a large mass of protruding brain tissue covered by a membrane and with prominent bulging eyeballs [1].
Finally, the subcutaneous injection of VPA at a dose of 700 mg/kg in pregnant mice dams caused a significant increase in the incidence of certain birth defects, exencephaly, open eye-lid, and micrognathae.
Prenatal diagnosis of the pentalogy of Cantrell combined with exencephaly and amniotic band syndrome.
13 Talukder and Kabir (2001) reported that reduction of arsenic methylation resulted in maternal toxicity, prenatal mortality, low fetal weight, exencephaly and short tails.
These compounds are formed to a greater extent in the presence of a nitrosatable compound if nitrite concentration is high (Choi 1985); and when combined with higher nitrite, nitrosatable compounds have been reported to be more strongly associated with exencephaly and skeletal malformations in mice (Teramoto et al.
Simultaneous imaging of the apoptosis and morphogenesis has revealed that inhibiting apoptosis caused the delay in the progression of cranial neural tube closure and increased the frequency of exencephaly.