extorsion

(redirected from excyclotorsion)

extorsion

 [eks-tor´shun]
tilting of the upper part of the vertical meridian of the eye away from the midline of the face.

ex·tor·sion

(eks-tōr'shŭn),
1. Conjugate rotation of the upper poles of each cornea outward. Synonym(s): excyclotorsion
2. Outward rotation of a limb or of an organ.
[L. extorsio, fr. ex- torqueo, to twist out]

extorsion

/ex·tor·sion/ (eks-tor´shun) outward rotation of the upper pole of the vertical meridian of each eye.

ex·tor·sion

(eks-tōr'shŭn)
1. Outward rotation of a limb or of an organ.
2. Conjugate rotation of the upper poles of each cornea outward.
[L. extorsio, fr. ex-torqueo, to twist out]

torsion 

Rotation of an eye about an anteroposterior axis. If the upper pole of the vertical meridian of the cornea appears to rotate inward, it is called intorsion, and outward, extorsion. If the eye rotates to the right it may be called dextrotorsion and if it rotates to the left it may be called laevotorsion. It may occur as a result of a head tilt, extraocular muscle weakness or rotation of the eye to a tertiary position. Syn. cycloductin; cyclorotation; torsional movement. See Donder's law; tertiary position; incongruous hemianopia.

extorsion

rotation of the pupil, observed only in animals with horizontal pupils such as cattle and sheep. Caused by paralysis of the dorsal oblique muscle, as seen in polioencephalomalacia of ruminants.
References in periodicals archive ?
Superior oblique palsy causes an ipsilateral hypertropia and excyclotorsion.